WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Our publications database contains WorldFish publications and references to WorldFish research published in refereed journals and periodicals.
The depletion and degradation of the State marine and aquatic resources due to uncontrolled exploitation are the primary reasons for the enactment of fisheries laws. There are two approaches to the enforcement of these laws. Traditional law enforcement involves the intervention or actual performance by government through its designated and deputized agents. However, government activities are directed mainly at preventing further resource depletion.
Community-based management and co-management are feasible alternative approaches to bridging the gap between supply and demand. They have brought together various stakeholders to achieve improved resource and socioeconomic conditions; although clarity on the government's role, political will and a legal framework were still needed to sustain the institutions developed under these approaches.