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The marine waters surrounding the Palawan islandgroups are considered the richest fishing grounds in the Philippines. The largest and most intact assemblage of marine habitats, particularly coral reefs and mangroves, are still found in the province. The fisheries of Palawan alone supply about 60% of the fish consumption in the National Capital Region. However, these resources are under threat from resource mismanagement and other destructive fishing practices.

Fisheries experts now recognize that resource conflicts can be diminished and resources better managed when fishers and other resource stakeholders are more involved in management, and access rights are distributed more effectively and equitably. There is an increasing commitment by governments in Southeast Asia to policies and programs of decentralization and community-based management and co-management.