WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Our publications database contains WorldFish publications and references to WorldFish research published in refereed journals and periodicals.
Expansion in the world's human population and economic development will increase future demand for fish products. As global fisheries yield is constrained by ecosystems productivity and management effectiveness, per capita fish consumption can only be maintained or increased if aquaculture makes an increasing contribution to the volume and stability of global fish supplies.
In the last twenty years, policy prescriptions for addressing the global crisis in fisheries have centred on strengthening fisheries governance through clarifying exclusive individual or community rights of access to fishery resources.
This chapter reviews and assesses current empirical evidence of marine protected area (MPA) effects on fisheries. First, we briefly describe the mechanisms by which MPAs may affect fisheries. Second, we synthesize empirical evidence of those effects, essentially transfer of exploitable biomass from MPAs to fished areas and ensuing changes in catch and effort patterns.