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This report synthesizes the respective research findings of the biology, economics and sociology modules of a multidisciplinary study of the small-scale fisheries of San Miguel Bay, Philippines and examines various options for management of this very productive multispecies multigear fishery.
The gears used by the small scale fishermen of San Miguel Bay, Philippines, are presented and classified. Numbers around the Bay and catch per effort of the various gears are estimated along with their annual fishing effort. San Miguel Bay catches by gear type and species groups are presented. The estimated total annual catch of fish and crustaceans from the San Miguel Bay small-scale fishery (excluding all types of trawlers) is 7760 t or 9.2t/km2.
This paper reviews the available data on San Miguel Bay fisheries and their history, and contrasts "small-scale" and "trawl" fisheries, each of which land about half of the Bay's total catch of 15000 t / year.