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A significant share of research for development aims at improving policy. The authors use the case of community-based fisheries management in Bangladesh to demonstrate how social network analysis can be applied to explore policy influence. Influence is an important intermediary step to impact. Data were collected in expert surveys conducted in 2007.
The main objective of the document is to make a modest attempt to highlight the challenges which are emerging with the current phase of Cambodia's aquarian reforms -- the most important component of which is the current transition from fishing lots to community fisheries. The challenges include the realms of institutional and policy reform, local action, innovation and research.
The Cambodian government introduced a dramatic reform in 2001 that reduced the allocation of commercial fishing lots in favor of local community access. Hailed by community activists, the policy shift nevertheless accelerated a crisis in the sector, with effectively open access and very poor law enforcement leading to intense exploitation and a surge in illegal fishing.