WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Our publications database contains WorldFish publications and references to WorldFish research published in refereed journals and periodicals.

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This is a study undertaken to ascertain the elements and trends at the local and national levels, which define therights and rules that provide the management framework for the implementation of different types of locally basedresources management systems in marine and coastal areas. The study showed that the existing institutional set-up is not only complex, confusing and "sectoralized", but more importantly, it is fragmented, thus, causing the major systemic hindrance to more effe

In developing countries, institutional weaknesses and constraints are pervasive in the fisheries and coastal resources management sector. Legal, policy and institutional frameworks are not crafted to suit the unique features of fisheries and other coastal resources and this has resulted in mismatches and overlaps.

This study identifies the different types of locally based resource management systems in marine and coastal areas, such as co-management; community-based management; and integrated coastal zone management. A historical perspective is provided in identifying these, and case studies of community-based practices are also presented to further illustrate these elements.