WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Our publications database contains WorldFish publications and references to WorldFish research published in refereed journals and periodicals.

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This policy brief provides information on the scale of HIV/AIDS in the fisheries sector in Africa, the reasons why prevalence is so high and how this affects fishing communities. Access to health services and antiretroviral therapy is then briefly reviewed, as are some of the limited experiences directly targeting HIV/AIDS programmes to fishing communities. The concluding discussion highlights areas where more work is needed on policy development, action and further research.

Aquaculture operations should include a comprehensive biosafety program because of the risks they may impose on biological resources in the environments into which cultured organisms may escape. Risk assessment incorporates hazard identification and risk analysis. Risk analysis encompasses describing the likelihood that a hazard and its consequences will occur and the severity of realization of a consequence.

Diseases have become one of the most significant constraints to aquaculture development and management worldwide. It is clear that most disease incursions and outbreaks stem from unregulated movement of aquatic animals, with little or no risk assessment and quarantine.

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