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Poor vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) status is widespread in South Asia. Insufficient vitamin B-12 status has been linked to poor neurodevelopment in young children. The objective of this paper is to measure the associations between vitamin B-12 status in infancy (2-12 mo) and the development and cognitive functioning in Nepalese children 5 y later.
Fish is a widely available animal-source food in Bangladesh and a rich source of nutrients, yet little is known about practices related to incorporating fish into the diets of infants and young children. Our study makes use of dietary diversity data collected from households participating in a homestead aquaculture project in rural Bangladesh, a population that we hypothesized would have greater than average access to fish.
This annual report includes highlights of progress on key research innovations that lay the groundwork for success in implementing the new strategy. We highlight the critical role of diverse public, private and civil society partnerships, and how these enable not only widespread adoption of new practices but also changes.