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The doubling of global food demand by 2050 is driving resurgence in interventions for agricultural intensification. Globally, 700 million people are dependent on floodplain or coastal systems. Increased productivity in these aquatic agricultural systems is important for meeting current and future food demand.
Sierra Leone, located on the west coast of Africa, has a population of 6.3 million, with an annual growth rate of 2.2%. Food insecurity and malnutrition are national concerns, as almost a quarter of the population is undernourished. Poor food availability, access and utilization contribute to undernourishment. Fish is an important part of the Sierra Leonean diet, so increasing fish production—and thus its availability and consumption—may help reduce malnutrition.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Feed the Future Sierra Leone Agriculture Project supports the development of rice and fish farming systems to increase productivity and improve food and nutrition security and incomes. This factsheet outlines the key components. The project focuses on Tonkolili District, which has the highest prevalence of stunting and underweight among children under 5 in the country.