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In 1976, ICLARM, in cooperation with the Oceanic Institute (Hawaii) and with financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation and the Tinker Foundation, developed a proposal based on a hypo-thesis by Dr. Timothy Joyner made in 1975 that salmon, properly introduced into the waters of the Southern Ocean, could provide a useful focus for a new approach to a rational, international system of fishery management.
In 1969 and 1970, Japanese experts commissioned by the Japan Fisheries Association and biologists of the Chilean Division Pesca y Caza undertook ecological and physiochemical surveys of the water resources in Chile which offered potential for salmon acclimation and culture. After an examination of many regions, efforts were concentrated in the central province of Aysen which had considerable logistic and technical advantages in addition to a suitable environment.
Domsea Pesquera Chile, Ltda., operated by Fundacion Chile of Santiago, picked the island of Chiloe for their first effort to introduce Pacific salmon in the southern hemisphere. Chloe, at 42°S, is somewhat more northerly than we would have wished, and we were uncertain about the effects of ocean-current patterns offshore. However, Chloe is accessible by road and close to commercial ship and air services.