WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Our publications database contains WorldFish publications and references to WorldFish research published in refereed journals and periodicals.

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To combat current high levels of malnutrition and stunting, the Indonesian government has set ambitious targets for aquaculture growth up to 2030. Fish already fundamentally contributes to the well-being of Indonesians by offering an affordable source of nutritious animal protein. However, to reach these targets, production will have to more than triple. However, meeting the production targets will come at a cost for the environment.

Worldwide, the demand for fish continues to grow rapidly. Sustainable intensification and expansion of aquaculture and innovations in fish production systems will be needed to meet this increased demand. It is with this in mind that WorldFish’s 2017–2022 strategy and the CGIAR Research Program on Fish-Agri-Food Systems (FISH) (2017– 2022) have emphasized the need for doubling total food fish production by 2030, particularly in developing countries.

Poor culture conditions in low input ponds make fish highly susceptible to infectious pathogens which lead to diseases and mortalities yet the effects of probiotics on immunity, gut microbiota and microbiological quality of fish in low input ponds are unknown. Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings (40 g) were randomly stocked at 50 fish m-3 in 1.25 m3 cages in low input ponds.