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This infographic is an overview of integrating fish into rice systems in Myanmar with the objective of increasing agricultural productivity and reducing malnutrition in the country. In Myanmar, integrating fish into irrigation systems and land use reforms are needed to achieve sustainable, nutritious food production that benefits rural livelihoods and the environment.
With rapidly increasing investment in water control infrastructure (WCI) and a recently ratified agriculture development strategy that promotes integrated farming of high-value products such as fish, agricultural production, already fundamental to Myanmar’s economy, will be central to driving the countries’ socioeconomic transformation.
Irrigated agriculture and maintaining inland capture fisheries are both essential for food and nutrition security in Myanmar. However, irrigated agriculture through water control infrastructure, such as sluices or barrages, weirs and regulators, creates physical barriers that block migration routes of important fish species.