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The author discusses the problems affecting the distribution and management of fishery resources in Southeast Asia. The problems discussed are essentially of two kinds. One set relates to conflicts over the distribution of fishery wealth, and the other to the potential violations of agreements and regulations and the necessity for effective enforcement measures to achieve the efficient production of net benefits.
Development programmes aimed at raising income levels of the half-million Philippine traditional municipal fishermen have emphasized production-oriented projects designed to up-grade vessels and gear. Review of recent biological, technical, and socio-economic research provides evidence that technology-based efforts have generally not been successful, and that the coastal resources fished by municipal fishermen are not as extensive as previously supposed.
This paper consists of four main parts: a) the marine fisheries of Southeast Asia; b) the mathematical models; c)the Gulf of Thailand trawl fishery as a case study; and d) possible new approaches in the study and management of region's fisheries.