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Despite increased evidence of overfishing of coastal and inland resources in the Indo-Pacific region, government fisheries development programmes, for the most part, retain their 'production' orientation. Using the familiar static economic model of the fishery and assuming the resource is both bilogically and economically overfished, the author examines the likely impact on sustainable yields and fishing incomes of various development programmes.
Fish culturists have long sought for methods to secure year-round availability of gametes from seasonal spawning fish. Spermatozoa of several teleost species have been stored for long periods at liquid gas temperatures, but eggs, whether fertilized or unfertilized, have been considered unlikely candidates for cryopreservation.
ICLARM, the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, is a relative newcomer to the small group of mission-oriented research organizations concerned with international fisheries. It was organized in 1975 and incorporated in 1977 in the Philippines where it maintains its headquarters. The Rockefeller Foundation developed the concept leading to ICLARM, and remains its principal donor.