WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Our publications database contains WorldFish publications and references to WorldFish research published in refereed journals and periodicals.

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Natural, technological, and human resources interact systematically and it is argued that development strategies for small-scale fisheries must take this into consideration. Two general approaches to development are discussed. The first, a production-oriented approach frequently depending on capital-intensive technical innovations, threatens to produce new or exacerbate existing inequalities among fishermen, with potentially disruptive social conse-quences.

Development programmes aimed at raising income levels of the half-million Philippine traditional municipal fishermen have emphasized production-oriented projects designed to up-grade vessels and gear. Review of recent biological, technical, and socio-economic research provides evidence that technology-based efforts have generally not been successful, and that the coastal resources fished by municipal fishermen are not as extensive as previously supposed.

Tropical reservoirs (man-made lakes) have evened out somewhat the distribution of standing waters on a global scale. Natural lakes are well represented in the North Temperate and Arctic regions. In the tropics, the only region with a sizeable lake area is the rift valley region of East Africa. Man's reservoir building activities have created the potential for a rich source of cheap fish protein. This potential is best realized when lacustrine tilapias from Africa are present.