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This paper describes the current marine fisheries situation in the northeast sector of the Bay of Bengal, ninety percent of which corresponds to Myanmar's EEZ and ten percent to Bangladesh. With the exception of the research carried out by the fisheries research vessel Fridtjof Nansen, the Myanmar sector is largely data deficient due to political reasons.
Hilsa shad is the national fish of Bangladesh. However, overfishing, siltation, pollution and changing climate lead to a sharp decline in the fish population, theatening the livelihoods of the people dependent upon the hilsa fishery. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Enhanced Coastal Fisheries (ECOFISHBD) project seeks to improve the resilience of the hilsa fishery in the Padma-Meghna river-ecosystem and the livelihoods that depend upon it.
Cambodia’s recent freshwater fishery sector reform, instigated at the top level of government, is one of the country’s most significant contemporary policy developments addressing natural resources management and rural development. Implemented in two main waves, the reforms culminated in the complete removal of inland commercial fishing lots.