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The economic efficiency and distribution of benefits from the fisheries of San Miguel Bay, Philippines are examined in this paper. The total annual value of catch from the Bay in 1980-1981 was estimated to be US6 million. Small trawlers, which represented only 3% of the fishing units and employed 7% of the labor force were found to earn the largest shares of total catch value and 50% of the P3 million pure profits, or resource rents.
To examine the possibility of incorporating fishing communities into the Bicol River Basin Development Program, five studies were conducted in the San Miguel Bay area. Data were gathered from interviews with 641 fishing households and were supplemented by observing participants over a 2-year period.