This report details rural communities’ perspectives on the importance of fish, and how it supports the poor. Variability between zones and social groups is detailed, as well as constraints and opportunities in the sector.
Various studies have illustrated how gender differences could affect ecosystembased adaptation based on gender-based preferences and perceptions, social and economic roles and institutional arrangements. However, these gender aspects in climate change adaptation are seldom reflected through empirical case studies.
This chapter analyses the contribution of the Lake Chilwa Basin Climate Change Adaptation Programme (LCBCCAP) in providing alternative livelihoods to people in the basin and most importantly how these activities improved resilience to climatic shocks such as the 2012 lake recession.
This study is motivated by the increasing call for more gender-equitable participation and decision making in climate change adaptation. The study, therefore, revolves around the research question: Does equity in adaptation decision making and involvement between the husband and wife increase the welfare and resilience of the household? In the course of finding the answer to this question, the study also delved into the following questions: (1) What factors promote equitable adaptation decision making between the wife and husband?
This study described the implications and issues of coastal hazards on the internal dynamics of decision making within the household. Flooding and typhoon were recognized as the common hazardsin the communities. Adaptation strategies within households of male and female decision makers were also identified during the survey. Community plans to adapt to specific coastal hazards were also laid down in village-level discussions. We identified six coastal barangays from the three local government unitsin Zamboanga del Norte that were most prone to hazards.
This study is an attempt to systematically study the intra-household implications and issues of climate-related shocks or hazards. We look at how the internal dynamics of decision making within the household and the joint adaptive action of household members (particularly the husband and wife) affect outcomes/risks for different groups and individuals within the household itself. The areas covered in the study are three municipalities in the province of Bohol, Philippines, namely, Anda, Bien Unido, and Inabanga, which are all coastal areas in the province.
Perception is the bed rock to really apprehend the assertiveness and interpretations of the farmers which are the grass root receptors or benefactors of the effects of climate change. Individual perception and knowledge on climate change varies according to geographical location, occupation, political and socio-economics, ecological, cultural background of the entity. Empirical observations and climate models both indicate that global climate and ocean conditions have been changing over the last 100 years and will likely change more rapidly in the future.
This study sought to understand the determinants of autonomous adaptation of households in coastal communities in three countries (Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam) as regards climate change. The study’s main innovation is its focus on households facing a confluence of related hazards, a context that is unique to coastal communities. The study tackled the interrelated hazards of coastal erosion, flooding, and saltwater intrusion, and used a multivariate probit model to analyze the determinants.
A major driver of change in the Mekong River basin relates to hydropower development and the consequent changes in landscape and natural resource access regime that it induces. In this paper, we examine how the livelihoods of resettlers evolve following resettlement, and examine the determinants of that process. The study takes place in the context of the Theun Hinboun Expansion Project in Lao PDR. Based on longitudinal household surveys conducted before resettlement as well as 1, 2, and 3 years after resettlement, we identify the process of livelihood adaptation in resettled communities.
Climate change in Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) is projected to have significant impacts, including rising sea-levels, more violent tropical cyclones and droughts. Fish stocks in the tropical regions of the Pacific are expected to be directly affected by any changes that may occur in the ocean’s ecosystem.