This manual was written as part of the Integrated Research in Development for Improved Livelihoods Programme in Northern Province, Zambia (IRDLP) and is primarily intended for extension agents to use with smallholder farmers engaged in semi-intensive fish farming in Northern Zambia. The IRDLP is an Irish Aid-funded project implemented by WorldFish, Harvest Plus and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
The document attempts to distil what is currently known about the likely impacts of climate change on the commodities and natural resources that comprise the mandate of CGIAR and its 15 Centres. It was designed as one background document for a review carried out by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE) at the behest of the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) on what is known about the likely effects of climate change on food security and nutrition, with a focus on the most affected and vulnerable regions and populations.
Based on a comparative analysis of efforts by community groups, as well as domestic and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working to assist forest-dependent communities, this chapter explores the practical efficacy of a range of rights-based approaches in securing equitable forest rights and reducing conflict.
The present study outlines an approach to classify forest density and to estimate canopy closure of the forest of the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. The vector layers generated for the study area using satellite data was validated with the field knowledge of the surveyed ground control points. The framework developed would serve as a significant measure to forest health and evaluate management concerns whilst addressing issues such as gap identification, conservation prioritisation and disaster management -- principally to the post-tsunami assessment and analysis.
Forests have always suffered from socio-economic pressures, particularly demographic pressure in the rural upland area where 26 million inhabitants belonging to 54 different ethnic groups live. The need to create jobs for a growing labour force and to produce food has led the local people to exploit the forests heavily. The consequences are the reduction of forest area and demage to the environment. The National Assembly and the Goverment have developed a national program for rehabilitation aiming to incraese the forest cover from 28% (1999-2000) to 43% by the year 2010.
The perception of natural resources management issues in the wetlands varies among stakeholders. This paper provides an analysis of stakeholders in two sites in Ca Mau (mangroves area) and Kien Giang (Melaleuca forest or peat swamp). Based on the analysis, an elaborate action oriented research and training program was drawn up to address the problems. The main purpose being to enhance the management capability of stakeholders in natural resource management.
The program which was implemented in 1998 and will end in 2010 aims to have five million hectares reforested and 9.3 million hectares protected - an increase in forest cover from 28% to 43%. This increase will ensure ecological security, increase freshwater generation, and conserve genetic resources and biodiversity of the tropical forests. It will create two million jobs, contribute to hunger eradication and poverty alleviation, promote agriculture, and enhance political and social stability. However, the program faces a number of investment and institutional challenges.