Antibiotics are used in aquaculture to maintain the health and welfare of stocks; however, the emergence and selection of antibiotic resistance in bacteria poses threats to humans, animals and the environment. Mitigation of antibiotic resistance relies on understanding the flow of antibiotics, residues, resistant bacteria and resistance genes through interconnecting systems, so that potential solutions can be identified and issues around their implementation evaluated. Participatory systems-thinking can capture the deep complexity of a system while integrating stakeholder perspectives.
One of the key strategic objectives of the World Health Organisation’s global antimicrobial resistance (AMR) action plan is to improve public awareness and understanding of this issue. Very few AMR awareness campaigns have targeted the animal production sector, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where rural communities can be geographically difficult to access via traditional face-to-face community engagement methods. Aquaculture is a major food production industry in Bangladesh and across Asia, an area which poses a significant risk to global AMR dissemination.
Development of new biocides has dominated human responses to evolution of antibiotic and pesticide resistance. Increasing and uniform biocide use, the spread of resistance genes, and the lack of new classes of compounds indicate the importance of navigating toward more sustainable coevolutionary dynamics between human culture and species that evolve resistance.
A presentation given at The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) held the 4th Global Conference on Aquatic Animal Health from 2 to 4 April 2019, in Santiago, Chile. Tilapia is very important for food and nutrition security, livelihoods and income for rural households in Asia and Africa. Importance attached to biosecurity and health management must be at the same level as for shrimps and salmon. This calls for a massive change in the way farmers, researchers and policy makers treat carps and tilapia with respect to overall biosecurity and health management.
This poster aims to conduct a typology analysis of interventions to reduce antimicrobial use (AMU) in aquaculture systems of low and Aim middle income countries and provide an overview of the policy landscape affecting AMU. Poster presented at the Second international conference - Quantification, Benchmarking and Stewardship of Veterinary Antimicrobial Usage, held in Bern, Switzerland from 2-3 July 2019.
Aquaculture systems are highly complex, dynamic and interconnected systems influenced by environmental, biological, cultural, socio-economic and human behavioural factors. Intensification of aquaculture production is likely to drive indiscriminate use of antibiotics to treat or prevent disease and increase productivity, often to compensate for management and husbandry deficiencies. Surveillance or monitoring of antibiotic usage (ABU) and antibiotic resistance (ABR) is often lacking or absent.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), or the ability of microbes to resist the effects of medicines and other chemicals that are used to control them, presents a formidable threat to health and sustainable development. In particular, aquaculture is recognized as a key site for the emergence and transmission of AMR. The aims of the workshop are to: 1. To share and develop greater understanding of the key practices, disease issues and drivers of resistance risks within Bangladesh and within Bangladeshi aquaculture. 2.
To help tackle the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance in developing countries, WorldFish has been invited to contribute to the new CGIAR Antimicrobial Resistance Hub. The international hub, which will integrate and channel research and development efforts of three CGIAR centers and three CGIAR research programs including FISH, is being launched on 21–22 February 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria change and become resistant to antibiotics used to treat the infections they cause. The interconnected nature of agri-food systems means that AMR can spread, posing a major threat to public and animal health as well as the structure and sustainability of food production. One Health recognizes this interconnectedness as well as the need to apply a collaborative, multisectoral and transdisciplinary approach. WorldFish is partnering with Cefas and the University of Exeter to carry out study and research on AMR on pond culture.
Aquaculture systems are highly complex and influenced by environmental, biological, cultural, socio-economic and human behavioural factors. The growing importance of aquaculture is fuelling a transition of small-scale farming to industrial intensification in LMICs. Two interdisciplinary workshops were held in 2018, in Vietnam and Egypt. They aim to use a ‘systems-thinking’ approach to map aquaculture systems and identify potential hotspots for the emergence and selection of resistance and human exposure to antibiotics and antibiotic-resistant organisms.