These were the key themes that emerged from ‘Expanding the Horizons’, the FISH-sponsored 7th Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries conference (GAF7) in Bangkok on 18-21 October 2018. The conference brought together around 150 experts, researchers and practitioners to discuss strategies to enhance gender inclusiveness and equality.
Aswan, home of Lake Nasser, has one of the highest unemployment rates in Upper Egypt. In the wake of Egypt’s 2011 uprising, governorates like Aswan that were heavily reliant on tourism suffered economic hardships, further exacerbating the persistent unemployment problem.
In Sierra Leone, Tonkolili District is one of the poorest and most nutritionally insecure regions, with a 25 percent childhood stunting rate. Involving poor farmers in small-scale aquaculture, particularly with a business focus, has huge potential to help combat this problem by increasing fish consumption and incomes.
Yet despite the large number of perennial swamps suited to fish farming, the small-scale aquaculture sector is largely undeveloped, and poor farmers face several barriers when trying to establish a fish farm business.
Myanmar's fisheries are among the most important globally but remain some of the least documented. The fisheries sector occupies an important place in Myanmar's economy and culture, and is set to change rapidly as the country enters a period of unprecedented political and economic transition. Building on a unique set of information sources, this article presents a broad view of the current state of knowledge on governance, livelihoods, production and supply chains across Myanmar's three main fishery sub-sectors (marine capture, inland capture, and aquaculture).
The ability of development interventions to catalyse and support innovation for—and by— women and men is undermined by lack of specific understanding about how gender norms interact with gender relations and what this means for innovation. This is also the case for Bangladesh despite substantive research and development investments in the past decade that have placed emphasis on gender norms, particularly those inhibiting women and girl’s education, women and girl’s health, and women’s economic empowerment.
Key environmental challenges faced by the aquaculture sector demonstrate that aquaculture production is not isolated from the surrounding environment, and we see a policy shift towards area-based approaches. However, without an understanding of the farmer's perspective, there is a danger of misrepresenting how farm-level practices relate to area-based approaches and to environmental risk management. This paper empirically examines how individual aquaculture farmers interpret and manage environmental risks and the extent to which they operate beyond the boundaries of their farms.
Fisheries are an important source of food, income and nutrition in Tanzania, where 25% of the country’s population depends on coastal resources or inland lakes for their livelihoods. Over 180,000 people are employed in the fisheries sector, with a further 19,223 people involved in fish farming. WorldFish is working with the Tanzanian government and development partners to increase aquaculture production, reduce postharvest fish losses and enhance the role of fish in nutrition.
Since launching its research program in Egypt in 1998, WorldFish has delivered high quality, practical research related to the country’s aquaculture and fishery sector. A key research focus has been on improving fish genetics to transform Egypt into a role model for African aquaculture development. WorldFish works closely with aquaculture stakeholders, the private sector and government organizations to deliver research on increasing aquaculture productivity, increasing the flow-on benefits of fish farming to women and youth, and enhancing fish value chains.
Since 1989, WorldFish has been working with the Bangladesh Government and development partners to create a more productive fisheries and aquaculture sector that contributes to diversified and resilient rural livelihoods and promotes food and nutrition security.
This policy brief presents an overview of the aquaculture sector in Zambia. It describes opportunities and approaches for sustainable aquaculture development and exemplifies the importance of aquaculture in meeting development challenges, including the contribution to economic growth, alleviating poverty, and addressing food and nutrition security for improved public health outcomes.