In the past, agricultural researchers tended to ignore the fisheries factor in global food and nutritional security. However, the role of fish is becoming critical as a result of changes in fisheries regimes, income distribution, demand and increasing international trade. Fish has become the fastest growing food commodity in international trade and this is raising concern for the supply of fish for poorer people. As a result, the impact of international trade regimes on fish supply and demand, and the consequences on the availability of fish for developing countries need to be studied.
This article contains a discussion paper on the use of exotic species and genetically modified organisms in aquaculture and enhanced fisheries, together with a summary of ICLARM's (International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Philippines) current position on this important topic.
The results of a quantitative evaluation of community-based coastal resource management at six sites of the Central Visayas Regional Project-1 (CVRP-1) located in Cebu and Negros Oriental, Philippines, are discussed. The goal of the research is to determine factors influencing the success and sustainability of community-based coastal resource management projects.
Many exploited stocks of aquatic organisms are limited by the supply of juveniles and many also suffer from recruitment overfishing. Consequently, there is much interest in stock-enhancement programs, which are aimed at improving harvests by increasing recruitment to levels approaching the carrying capacity of the habitat. Most stock-enhancement programs involve the release of juveniles reared in hatcheries or the collection, rearing, and transplantation of wild juveniles. Optimized release strategies and increased fitness for life in the wild are required.
This study aimed to investigate the capacity of selected aquatic plant (water hyacinth and Chlorella) to remove some metal pollution from the water and the effect of such reaction on the serum bichemistry and histopathology of affected fish.
The link between environmental trends and economic policies is examined. The assessment of the past and present economic policies affecting the use of coastal resources in the Philippines showed that these policies have accelerated the rate of degradation of coastal resources. The current situation demands not only the reorientation of economic policies, but also other related actions to attain sustainable development of coastal resources.
This paper presents a non-linear programming model developed to determine the total benefits obtainable from the various floodplain riverine fisheries of Bangladesh. With the help of the model, performance-response of each of the fisheries has also been analysed.
The highly productive fisheries of Kerala, India, are suffering from overexploitation. Use of unsuitable fishing gears that result in a high level of wasteful bycatch and destruction of egg bearing and juvenile fish should be controlled. This paper makes some suggestions for monitoring and conservation of the fisheries in Kerala.
This paper discusses the status, direction and management issues in the marine protected areas (MPAs) of the Bohol (Mindanao) Sea, Philippines. The MPAs in the study area have increased through the years. Many of them were established and managed by the local government units (LGUs) in collaboration with national government agencies (NGAs), academic institutions, people’s and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
At the end of 1968, a proposal for a Fisheries Ecology Research Project in Jamaica was submitted to the United Kingdom Ministry of Overseas Development (now the Overseas Development Administration). At that time it was apparent that various national and regional exploratory fishing programs, mostly sponsored by the UNDP and executed by FAO, had generated some interest in the possibilities of investment in modem offshore fishing vessels.