The article highlights the ICLARM's Coastal and Coral Reef Systems Program featuring its objectives, researchthrusts and proposed research activities.
This plan is a complete compendium of the year's work in all parts of the research and support program, and in our linkages and contributions to the work of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. It also provides information on all our partnerships, the recent achievements in ongoing activities, and sources of support.
The conventional system of national accounts does not recognize or include environmental or natural resource as inputs to production such that It responds poorly to changes in environmental and resource conditions. Also, it fails to reflect the efforts to solve environmental problems and efforts to clean up the problem. The author of this papr takes a look at Gross National Product from a different perspective.
An investigation of fishermen’s knowledge of fish occurrence patterns on various spatio-temporal scales has been realized in the Fatala Estuary (Guinea, West Africa), accompanied by a one-year survey with standardized gill-net sets. Seventy one fishermen distributed in four zones corresponding to gill-net sampling sites were questioned about seasonal variations of species’ relative abundances. Longitudinal and seasonal patterns of fish relative abundances were described with correspondence analysis and ANOVA for both approaches.
The fisheries of the Farasan Islands (Saudi Arabia, Red Sea) are described. The fishery resources are exploited by artisanal, investor and industrial sectors. The artisanal fishery consists mostly of line fishing around coral reefs and about half the fishing effort occurs within the proposed marine protected area (MPA). Activities by investor and industrial fisheries sector include line fishing, gill netting, fish trapping and demersal fish trawling.
ICLARM's social science research activities in Africa: The Fisheries Co-Management Project and the Programme for Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa are discussed. Proposed social science research activities and research needs in Africa and West Asia are also presented.
The International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and with the support of the Commission of the European Communities is developing a database (called FISHBASE) to summarize global information on living aquatic resources (fish, crustaceans and molluscs) in a standardized form to be made available on CD-ROM to institutions in developing countries.
This paper attempts to highlight some of the conflicts arising from fish and fishers and their impacts especially on the poorer nations. It discusses how some of these problems can be overcome by innovative research partnerships, and the roles of fisheries research in shaping the new peace agenda necessary for assuring food security.
This document summarises the outputs of a modelling approach of the relationships between hydrology and fisheries production in the Mekong River Basin. Environment (floodplains, wetlands and their vegetation) has also been taken into account as a constitutive part of the system.
In the past, agricultural researchers tended to ignore the fisheries factor in global food and nutritional security. However, the role of fish is becoming critical as a result of changes in fisheries regimes, income distribution, demand and increasing international trade. Fish has become the fastest growing food commodity in international trade and this is raising concern for the supply of fish for poorer people. As a result, the impact of international trade regimes on fish supply and demand, and the consequences on the availability of fish for developing countries need to be studied.