A brief review of marine fishery development in Southeast Asia is given, with emphasis on the phase of rapid growth of catches that prevailed in the 1960s-1970s, and on the high expectations this phase generated, especially in the six countries that make up the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
The paper reports on the application to the anchoveta of a newly developed set of methods for the investigaton of exploited fish stocks. the set of methods are incorporated in the ELEFAN (Electronic Length Frequency Analysis) programs developed at ICLARM, which are applied to catch-at-length data from the Northern region of Peru and covering the years 1961-1979.
The range of methods available for managing small scale coastal fisheries are reviewed and discussed. It is concluded that only community based limited entry systems will prevent over harvesting in most fisheries.
In this review, the authors briefly describe the nature and status of the main inshore marine fisheries of Solomon Islands. In virtually all cases, quantitative data on stock sizes are lacking and this article concentrates on outlining the size and extent of the resources, their current and projected uses and the existing controls on their exploitation.
An investigation of fishermen’s knowledge of fish occurrence patterns on various spatio-temporal scales has been realized in the Fatala Estuary (Guinea, West Africa), accompanied by a one-year survey with standardized gill-net sets. Seventy one fishermen distributed in four zones corresponding to gill-net sampling sites were questioned about seasonal variations of species’ relative abundances. Longitudinal and seasonal patterns of fish relative abundances were described with correspondence analysis and ANOVA for both approaches.
The International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and with the support of the Commission of the European Communities is developing a database (called FISHBASE) to summarize global information on living aquatic resources (fish, crustaceans and molluscs) in a standardized form to be made available on CD-ROM to institutions in developing countries.
This paper attempts to highlight some of the conflicts arising from fish and fishers and their impacts especially on the poorer nations. It discusses how some of these problems can be overcome by innovative research partnerships, and the roles of fisheries research in shaping the new peace agenda necessary for assuring food security.
A joint Sierra Leone/1CLARM project funded by the Commission of the European Communities is presented, whose task is to assemble the available survey and fisheries data on the marine fish resources of Sierra Leone, analyze them, and based thereon, propose a management regime for these resources. The computerized databases and other tools developed for this purpose and for monitoring and analyzing the fisheries after the project has ended are presented, and their potential use in neighboring countries is discussed.
The different computer softwares developed by the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources (ICLARM) and its functions and uses in fisheries science are presented.
The conventional system of national accounts does not recognize or include environmental or natural resource as inputs to production such that It responds poorly to changes in environmental and resource conditions. Also, it fails to reflect the efforts to solve environmental problems and efforts to clean up the problem. The author of this papr takes a look at Gross National Product from a different perspective.