Rohu (Labeo rohita) is a significant freshwater aquaculture species with approximately 1.8 Mt produced annually. Fin clips obtained from the founders of a newly established Bangladesh-based breeding population (~140 fish from each of the Halda, Jamuna, and Padma rivers) were used to identify 9157 SNPs and 14 411 silicoDArT markers using the Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) genotyping-by-sequencing platform known as DArTseq. After quality control, 1985 SNPs were retained and used to examine population structure within and among river systems.
In terms of quantity produced, Catla catla is the sixth most important finfish aquaculture species produced globally in 2015. It is primarily grown in South Asia, often on a small scale in polyculture with other species. In spite of its economic importance, in a number of countries, including Bangladesh, the quality of catla seed produced in hatcheries has historically suffered from high levels of inbreeding, uncontrolled interspecific hybridisation and negative selection.
Each month, we highlight a selection of our new publications. Feed was a focus in May, with a novel feeding system and a plant-based alternative to fishmeal showing potentially significant cost and sustainability benefits.
This year's report contains the Director General's and Chairman's statements. Also highlighted in the reports, are stories of projects with different partners: 1) CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS) in Zambia. 2) Wetland Alliance project in the Mekong delta. 3) Projects with CARE, the humanitarian organisation in Egypt. 4) Tilapia breeding program with Water Research Institute (WRI) in Ghana. 5) Partnerships with the private sector on sustainable aquaculture enterprise in developing countries.
Competition for resources is common in aquaculture, which inflates the variability of fish body weight. Selective breeding is one of the effective approaches that may enable a reduction of size variability (or increase in uniformity) for body weight by genetic means. Competition for resources is common in aquaculture, which inflates the variability of fish body weight. Selective breeding is one of the effective approaches that may enable a reduction of size variability (or increase in uniformity) for body weight by genetic means.
The main objective of this study was to quantify the heritable variation for growth rate of GIFT, and the contribution of IGEs to this heritable variation. Here we describe the experiment conducted for this purpose, and present estimated parameters of genetic and non-genetic indirect effects on growth rate in the GIFT strain.
The genetic response in growth traits in a selection program for increased harvest weight in a common carp population in Vietnam is reported. A base population (G0) was established from six carp stocks using single pair mating. Selection was based on high breeding values for body weight at harvest, with a corresponding control group selected on average breeding values of the population.
A brief account is given of experiments undertaken regarding the breeding of anemonefish (Amphiprion ), a species popular among marine aquarists. Findings indicate these fish to be good candidates for reproductive physiology research; they produce large eggs and larvae, spawn frequently in captivity, are hardly to handle and can be maintained in small tanks. Future prospects for the culture of tropical marine aquarium fish are believed to be good.
The objectives of this study were (i) to quantify the degree of G x E by assessing the growth performance of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) across three countries (Malaysia, India and China) and (ii) to quantify the genetic heterogeneity of environmental variance for body weight at harvest (BW) in GIFT as a measure of micro-environmental sensitivity.
Benefits derived from selective breeding have been demonstrated in livestock and in some fish species, but by contrast, there have been few systematic selection programs reported for shrimps. Improving growth rate has been identified as the most important trait in the breeding objective for cultured shrimp species. In the present study we analyzed a four generation data set from a fully pedigreed selective breeding program for giant freshwater prawn (GFP in Vietnam. We estimated phenotypic and genetic parameters for body and carcass weight traits.