Aquaculture species are being domesticated and improved through genetic enhancement. Despite the benefits of improved fish in terms of increased production, there are risks associated with conservation of biodiversity when the introduced strains/species escape in natural waters. This is especially important in Africa which is one of the world’s repository of diverse freshwater fish fauna and home to native tilapias.
Experts carried out selective breeding of Rohu carp for greater harvest weight and yielded an average of 17% genetic gain per generation in 5 generations of selection.
This book is a collection of refereed papers on a controversial subject in agricultural development. Arguing that sustainability of fish culture in ponds needs a new paradigm - feed the pond to grow fish - two chapters focus on nutrient cycling in such systems. Another chapter makes the case for breeding Nile tilapia for resource poor farmers and presents practical options to avoid the pitfalls that arise from natural tilapia mating in low-input ponds.
The giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) is cultured widely around the world but little is known about the levels and patterns of genetic diversity in either wild or cultured stocks. Studies have suggested that genetic diversity may be relatively low in some cultured stocks due to the history of how they were founded and subsequent exposure to repeated population bottlenecks in hatcheries. In contrast, wild stocks have an extensive distribution that extends from Southern Asia across Southeast (SE) Asia to the Pacific region.
WorldFish Center in collaboration with the China Academy of Fishery Sciences organized the international “Workshop on Dissemination of Improved Fish Strains: Country-Specific Action Plans” on 21-22 September (2005) in Shanghai, China, to bring together the geneticists, biodiversity and aquaculture experts from developing countries in Asia, Africa and Pacific, and representatives from advanced scientific institutions, regional and international organizations and private sector, to discuss ways to strengthen the ongoing genetic improvement and dissemination programs of member countries, and t
The International Network on Genetics in Aquaculture (INGA) was established in 1993 with the objective to contribute through collaborative research, to the domestication and sustainable performance of tropical finfish species farmed in developing countries and to strengthen national capabilities for genetic enhancement through exchange of germplasm, methodologies and through training and interactive forums. To realize this objective, the network has been assisting the member countries in developing regional research programs and plans for national breeding programs.
This book contains six chapters 1)Introduction 2) Status of carp genetic resources 3)Brood stock management and artificial breeding of carp species in hatcheries 4)A breeding plan for cultured minor carp species 5)A breeding plan for cultured major carp species 6)Breeding and conservation of endangered carp species
This study presents results of two generations of selection (G1 and G2) for growth of Nile tilapia. The selection environment consisted of earthen ponds which were fertilized daily with 50 kg dry matter (dm)/ha chicken manure. No supplementary feeds were provided. In total, 6429 fully pedigreed experimental fish were included in the analysis. Survival till harvest was highly variable ranging from 35% to 77% and was affected by initial weight, pond, and age effects.
Fry production in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus is typically achieved by mass spawning of males and females stocked in large hapas suspended in ponds. In such spawning aggregations, territorial behavior and reproductive competition among males may lead to a large variance in reproductive success among individual males. We analyzed parentage and quantified male reproductive success of O. niloticus under commercial hatchery conditions in two breeding hapas each stocked with 12 males and 25 females.