Isolated in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii was one of the last areas to be reached by "western" explorers; as a consequence, some ancient traditions were preserved in Hawaii well into the 19th and 20th centuries, providing an opportunity to learn from a surviving indigenous culture. An account is given of the division of the islands into various units and their exploitation. The smallest major divisions were the "ahupua'as," which spread out at the base along the shore and were self-sufficient units.
Enhancements are interventions in the life cycle of common-pool aquatic resources. Enhancement technologies include culture-based fisheries, habitat modifications, fertilization, feeding and elimination of predators/competitors.Enhancements are estimated to yield about two million mt per year, mostly from culture-based fisheries in fresh waters where they account for some 20 percent of capture, or 10 percent of combined capture and culture production.
B:RUN is a low-level GIS software designed to help formulate options for the management of the coastal zone of Brunei Darussalam. This contribution presents the oil spill simulation module of B:RUN. This simple module, based largely on wind and sea surface current vector parameters, may be helpful in formulating relevant oil spill contingency plans. It can be easily adapted to other areas, as can the B:RUN software itself.
Economic analysis of the trawl fishery of Brunei Darussalam was conducted using cost and returns analysis and based on an economic survey of trawlers and B:RUN, a low-level geographic information system. Profitability indicators were generated for the trawl fleet under various economic and operational scenarios. The results show that financial profits are earned by trawlers which operate off Muara, particularly those with high vessel capacity, and that these profits could be further enhanced.
Fisheries experts now recognize that resource conflicts can be diminished and resources better managed when fishers and other resource stakeholders are more involved in management, and access rights are distributed more effectively and equitably. There is an increasing commitment by governments in Southeast Asia to policies and programs of decentralization and community-based management and co-management.
The results of a quantitative evaluation of community-based coastal resource management at six sites of the Central Visayas Regional Project-1 (CVRP-1) located in Cebu and Negros Oriental, Philippines, are discussed. The goal of the research is to determine factors influencing the success and sustainability of community-based coastal resource management projects.
This profile provides baseline data on all aspects of South Johore's coastal environment as a tool for planners in designing an integrated coastal area management (CAM) plan. It contains 12 chapters which provide background information on the various economic uses of coastal resources; outline the existing legal and institutional framework governing the use and management of these resources; and highlight the management issues and constraints concerning the various resources use conflicts.
The residents of San Salvador Island, off the coast of Masinloc, Zambales in the Philippines, face challenges typical of fishing communities in the Philippines. Lack of awareness and poverty have encouraged fishers to use unsound fishing methods such as explosives, sodium cyanide, and fine-mesh nets. Swidden upland agriculture and logging has resulted in the deforestation of much of the nearby Zambales Mountains, which contributes to the siltation of San Salvador's coral reefs.
The Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) techniques often employed to fast-track the assessments of agricultural and forest resource systems were applied to the coastal resource planning of Malampaya Sound in Palawan Island, western Philippines. The RRA was classified as exploratory: the aim was to describe the problems and opportunities in the area through the active participation of the local communities. The exercise was jointly undertaken by six researchers and representative household members from seven villages.
This conference aimed to assess the severity of environmental threats of waste disposal to the ASEAN region's coastal zone; demonstrate technologies in waste management; explore ways in which international banking institutions and donor agencies could assist in waste management: and solicit the commitment of ASEAN political leadership in the effective enforcement of waste management schemes. The highlights of the conference were the adoption of the Singapore Resolution on Waste Management in the Coastal Areas of the ASEAN Region.