Management of fisheries, coastal resources and the coastal environment in the Philippines: policy, legal and institutional framework

This study identifies the different types of locally based resource management systems in marine and coastal areas, such as co-management; community-based management; and integrated coastal zone management. A historical perspective is provided in identifying these, and case studies of community-based practices are also presented to further illustrate these elements.

Integrated coastal zone management: policy issues, approaches and research priorities: a working paper prepared for the Environmental and Natural Resources Policy and Training (EPAT) Project, US agency for International Development

Over the last several decades, Malaysia has experienced rapid industrial growth and urbanization, characterized by high levels of resource exploitation. Much of this development has occurred within the coastal

Coastal resources management and ASEAN: the need for alternative approaches.

The coastal zones of southeastern Asian countries are both heavily populated and highly exploited. Poor and inadequate resource management has led to large-scale destruction of many of the regions valuable resources. Examples are given showing lessons learned regarding coastal resources uses. Various coastal zone issues still faced by most southeastern Asian countries are identified and adequate resource management objectives detailed.

Community-based fisheries management in Solomon Islands

The remote island of Manaoba is home to five small communities, which like most of Solomon Islands rely on fish for food, nutrition and income. However, in recent years fishers in Manaoba have noticed declining fish stocks and the disappearance of certain species from their near-shore reefs.

“At the moment we are experiencing a shortage of fish, so we need more supply in order to earn income to meet our family and other needs,” says Joe Sylvester, who has fished the waters around in Malaita Province since he was a teenager.

New alliance strengthens coastal resource management in the Philippines

Iligan Bay is a key fishing area in southern Philippines, home to more than 500,000 people who mostly depend on the bay’s coastal resources for their food security and livelihoods.

Despite their social and economic importance, fisheries in the bay are beset by problems, including overfished stocks, depletion of coastal resources and degraded fisheries, which increase the pressures faced by fishers. These problems, combined with inadequate management policies and weak enforcement, challenge fishers as they seek to maintain their livelihoods.

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