This study identifies the different types of locally based resource management systems in marine and coastal areas, such as co-management; community-based management; and integrated coastal zone management. A historical perspective is provided in identifying these, and case studies of community-based practices are also presented to further illustrate these elements.
Traditional uses of marine resources and culture systems in Indonesia are largely confined to the shallow-water inshore zones of coastal waters. Cultural beliefs and the part they play in the small-scale fishing activities are discussed.
Over the last several decades, Malaysia has experienced rapid industrial growth and urbanization, characterized by high levels of resource exploitation. Much of this development has occurred within the coastal
This essay is an attempt to define overfishing in terms less technical than those generally used by fishery biologists. It started from the classical definition, then quickly moved on to concepts that may be more relevant to coastal zone management.
The paper describes a range of complex relationships among coastal ecosystems, demographic patterns and the effects of technology on coastal resource use.
The coastal zones of southeastern Asian countries are both heavily populated and highly exploited. Poor and inadequate resource management has led to large-scale destruction of many of the regions valuable resources. Examples are given showing lessons learned regarding coastal resources uses. Various coastal zone issues still faced by most southeastern Asian countries are identified and adequate resource management objectives detailed.
The remote island of Manaoba is home to five small communities, which like most of Solomon Islands rely on fish for food, nutrition and income. However, in recent years fishers in Manaoba have noticed declining fish stocks and the disappearance of certain species from their near-shore reefs.
“At the moment we are experiencing a shortage of fish, so we need more supply in order to earn income to meet our family and other needs,” says Joe Sylvester, who has fished the waters around in Malaita Province since he was a teenager.
Iligan Bay is a key fishing area in southern Philippines, home to more than 500,000 people who mostly depend on the bay’s coastal resources for their food security and livelihoods.
Despite their social and economic importance, fisheries in the bay are beset by problems, including overfished stocks, depletion of coastal resources and degraded fisheries, which increase the pressures faced by fishers. These problems, combined with inadequate management policies and weak enforcement, challenge fishers as they seek to maintain their livelihoods.