The goals of The ASEAN/United States (US) Coastal Resources Management Project (CRMP) are to increase existing capabilities within ASEAN nations for developing and implementing CRM strategies.
The coastal zones of most nations in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (MEAN) are subjected to increasing population and economic pressures manifested by a variety of coastal activities, notably, fishing, coastal aquaculture, waste disposal, salt-making, tin mining, oil drilling, tanker traffic, construction and industrialization. This situation is aggravated by the expanding economic activities attempting to uplift the standard of living of coastal people, the majority of whom live below the official poverty line.
The provinces of Pangasinan and La Union border the 2,100 km2 Lingayen Gulf in northwestern Luzon, Philippines. The area was the pilot site of the Association of Southeast Asian Nation/US Coastal Resource Management Program for its first regional attempt to promote integrated coastal area management (CAM). The output of the CRMP was a CAM plan aimed at the sustainable development of coastal resources in the Lingayen Gulf area. Significant multiple resource use conflicts pervade in the gulf area which the plan is trying to mitigate.
There is a growing realization in Southeast Asian of the need for increased participation by resource users in fisheries management and greater localized control over access to the resource. Community-based resource management has re-emerged as a way to involve resource users and to utilize indigenous institutional arrangements and knowledge in coastal fisheries management.
The Lingayen Gulf Coastal Area Management Plan (NEDA, Region I 1992) completed under the ASEAN/US Coastal Resources Management Project in late 1991 recommended that a zonation scheme be established for Lingayen Gulf. It noted the numerous resource use conflicts in addition to resource over-exploitation and diminution of socioeconomic benefits for the coastal fisherfolk. The zonation scheme would be one of the several options aimed at sustainable development of the Lingayen Gulf area resources.
The International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), Tambuyog Development Center (TDC) and the World Resources Institute (WRI) organized and funded a Visayas-wide conference and workshop on community-based coastal resource management and co-management from 4-7 July 1995 in Cebu City, Cebu. The objectives of the conference were: 1.
Recommendations for coastal area management in the ASEAN region are given, being based on discussions held atthe Workshop which reviewed the current exploitation of coastal resources and examined the severity of degradation of the coastal environment in the region. The most serious management issues were: fishery resource overexploitation; degradation of coastal and marine ecosystems and habitats; declining water quality and pollution; endangered marine spp and coastal wildlife; and low level of institutional capability for integrated coastal area management.
The book is intended to introduce marine parks and reserves as a means of management for coastal environments in Southeast Asia. It describes the plight of coastal resource habitats and why and how marine parks and reserves can serve as specific management approaches for these areas. Marine parks and reserves, provide a practical, implementable and logical beginning for effective coastal resource management.
The goal of The ASEAN/United States (US) Coastal Resources Management Project is to increase existing capabilities within ASEAN nations for developing and implementing Coastal Resouces Management (CRM) strategies. The Policy Conference on Managing ASEAN's Coastal Resources for Sustainable Development, held in Manila and Baguio City, Philippines, on 4-7 March 1990, endeavored to pool the insights and experiences gleaned in the process of developing the plans and to establish the groundwork for plan implementation. This proceedings contains papers presented at the different sessions.
In this working paper, the authors carried out a study on the institutional, legal and policy framework for managing the fisheries, coastal resources and coastal environment in Thai land and proffered solutions to the management of these resources. The authors adapted various methodologies to carry out the study. They provided a description of the Thai political economic system. They have also identified four case studies to explore various resource management issues in Thailand and recommended strategies on how these can be addressed considering the peculiarity of each management issue.