Depletion of renewable resources and environmental degradation have reached a critical stage in Southeast Asia where further delay in resource management might result in irreparable damage to the environment. A crisis is slowly brewing against rising demands for a better quality of life, as dwindling and increasingly stressed coastal ecosystems are inexorably raising production costs and arc leading to inevitable but costly remedial measures.
The marine waters surrounding the Palawan islandgroups are considered the richest fishing grounds in the Philippines. The largest and most intact assemblage of marine habitats, particularly coral reefs and mangroves, are still found in the province. The fisheries of Palawan alone supply about 60% of the fish consumption in the National Capital Region. However, these resources are under threat from resource mismanagement and other destructive fishing practices. It is ironic that despite Palawans rich resource base, poverty is widespread among municipal and other smallscale fishers.
A collaborative project in developing a broad-based coastal management training program in the Philippines is being undertaken by a group of government and nongovernment agencies. It addresses the lack of expertise in planning an implementation for coastal management in the country. The process will be documented to serve as a guide in starting and maintaining the process of collaborative training in coastal management in the region. Other training initiatives are outlined including regional and global efforts.
This document contains the compiled lessons, experiences and the impacts of the Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) training course developed for the kecamatan of Indonesia presented through the case studies of our Indonesian collaborators and the participants of the ICM training courses.
Capability building in the use of geographic information systems (GIS) is one of the major objectives of the GISCAMP Project. This was achieved through training of NRO project staff and from other government agencies in Region I. Training was conducted in two phases. The first phase (Task 110) was conducted during the early stage of project implementation, mainly to training NRO project staff both in the operation of the GIS software called SPANS and applying GIS in resource allocation and management. Training was conducted on a sustained basis throughout the first year of implementation.
The coastal environmental profile of Lingayen Gulf, Philippines answers the objectives of the six-year Association of Southeast Asian NationsIUnited States Coastal Resources Management Project (ASEANIUS CRMP) (Philippine component). This profile is a collaborative effort of the researchers who summarized secondary data and planners who made updates based on primary information and those provided by local governments and agencies. The MSI synthesized the chapters on the physical setting, natural resources, pollution and coastal management issues (Chapters 1, 2, 4 and 7).
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) which comprises Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand has a combined coastline of 85,504 km and a total sea area of approximately 8 multiplied by 1 million km super(2) (including EEZ). Recognizing the important contributions of the natural systems and the needs to maintain sustainable growth of the economy, ASEAN has over the past several years undertaken collective regional efforts to improve its capacity and capability in the management of the coastal and marine environments.
Geographic information systems (GIS) technology is fast becoming an integral part of resource management and planning in many developing countries. In the Philippines, the number of agencies and institutions using GIS is few but growing. Thus far, most are concentrated within the national capital region (i.e., Metro Manila). The use of GIS has been largely cartographic. While GIS can be used for mapping purpose, this severely underrates the utility of the technology as a spatial modelling tool.
This book discusses the various forms of tourism development in Southeast Asia's coastal areas, their environmental and socioeconomic impacts and the issues arising from conflicting resource uses. It also outlines the basic physical aspects of the coast, in the region, that must be assessed prior to development. Some guidelines, planning strategies and development controls for sustainable coastal tourism are presented.
The link between environmental trends and economic policies is examined. The assessment of the past and present economic policies affecting the use of coastal resources in the Philippines showed that these policies have accelerated the rate of degradation of coastal resources. The current situation demands not only the reorientation of economic policies, but also other related actions to attain sustainable development of coastal resources.