ICLARM has recently developed a strategic Plan for International research on living aquatic resources management which identifies tropical coastal resource systems as one of its areas of research emphasis. Details are given of a new approach for analysing and comparing coastal resource systems - the coastal cross-section concept. Agroecosystems analysis and farming systems research were used as a basis for the development of this concept.
A product of major research on the ecological, social and economic structure and function of Segara Anakan-Cilacap, this publication forms the basic of the coastal zone management plan for the area. It includes a zonation scheme asplan framework and design of specific projects to implement management strategies.
This publication sets the foundation for an integrated, multisectoral approach and plan of action to resolve current and potential coastal zone management issues of Brunei Darussalam. Is also presents programs and address these issues and the appropriate plan implementation arrangements.
This working paper is an output of the project on Management of Fisheries, Coastal Resources and the Coastal Environment in Cambodia: Institutional, Legal and Policy Perspectives. It intends to provide a basis for a country profile. The findings in this working paper will be included in a regional study that includes Bangladesh, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.
This paper considers issues and problems of coral reef management for coastal communities. In particular, it looks at the links between coral reef management and livelihood dependence, poverty and the vulnerability of coastal communities. It also focuses on the risks and impacts of various scales of threat to coral reefs, and how these could affect the livelihoods of coastal communities. The management of coral reefs can be influenced by valuation studies that reflect various forms of perceived and realized benefits from coral reefs.
An account is given of the principles recommended to be incorporated into the environmental policies of ASEAN, concerning sound waste management strategies, as discussed at the conference on waste management in the coastal areas of the ASEAN region, held in Singapore on 28-30 June 1991.
Coastal ecosystems in the Philippines are under stress from the combined effects of human overexploitation and habitat destruction. In recent years, the concept of an integrated approach to coastal resource management has been adopted to address this. This new paradigm, generally described as co-management, makes use of the participation of the different sectors (e.g. government, community) in the management process. CRMCs are multi-sectoral in nature with inter-LGU partnerships and different resource-sharing schemes.
Although fisheries production in the Indo-Pacific has markedly increased, employment opportunities have diminished, social inequalities have been exacerbated and peasant fishing households have been further impoverished. Thevarious reasons as to why this has occurred are considered. It is thought that an equitable system of coastal zone management should pay particular attention to the needs of traditional coastal communities, especially as such communities are often underdeveloped sectors of nations which are severely disadvantaged in international terms.
This study illustrates the utility of the Linear Programming (LP) approach to optimize the use of coastal resources. OPUS, the LP software, was used to analyze the mangrove resources of the Gulf of Guayaquil, Ecuador; tourism, forestry and fisheries in Bio-Bio region, Chile; land use in Lingayen Gulf region, Philippines; and optimal fleet configuration in San Miguel Bay, Philippines.
In this working paper, the authors undertook a review and analysis of the legal, institutional and policy framework of coastal resources management in Indonesia as well as the patterns of resource use of the country's coastal and marine resources. In addition, they have also reviewed and identified the role of stakeholders in coastal resources management. Finally, the authors discussed the contribution of religion, traditional values, beliefs and practices to effective resource management.