The benefits of decentralizing the management of coastal resources to local governments and resource users have long been recognized, but the best systems for coastal resources management depend on many factors. A number of community-based management and co-management projects were started in the Philippines in the early 1980s. This report describes a comparative assessment of these projects to determine where improvements can be made in the design of future community-based coastal resource management projects.
Coastal fisheries occur in a variety of natural and human settings. In terms of coastal use intensity, fisheries may be viewed to operate in a spectrum ranging from essentially single sector (i.e., fisheries) situations to intense, multisector use of the coastal area (and its relevant terrestrial and marine zones). Issues impacting fisheries multiply through this range requiring increasingly comprehensive and integrated analytic frames and scope of action to sustain fisheries benefits.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has provided a grant for the implementation of a coastal resources management project (CRMP) designed to strengthen the capability of the countries within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to develop their renewable resources on a sustainable basis. This project will help ensure the long-term productivity of coastal fisheries, aquaculture, forestry and other forms of primary resource-dependent development (Project Document, rev. August 1985.
Rapid and detailed post-tsunami surveys carried out in the Langkawi archipelago in January 2005 showed that the coral reefs do not suffer any significant structural damage. Nevertheless, there were signs of recent sediment resuspension at the sites studied. The diversity and abundance of coral reef fishes and invertebrates were low. However, this was not attributed to the tsunami effect but rather to the present environmental conditions.
The coastal zones of most nations in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are subjected to increasing population and economic pressures manifested by a variety of coastal activities, notably, fishing, coastal aquaculture, waste disposal, salt-making, tin mining, oil drilling, tanker traffic, construction and industrialization. This situation is aggravated by the expanding economic activities attempting to uplift the standard of living of coastal people, the majority of whom live below the official poverty line.
This working paper is a profile analysis of the legal, institutional, and policy mechanisms of Bangladesh in its management of fisheries and coastal resources. This is one of the major outputs of the project entitled "Management of Fisheries, Coastal Resources and the Coastal Environment in Indonesia: Institutional, Legal and Policy Perspectives".
The profile is based on data obtained from a study conducted by Bogor Agricultural University to obtain basic ecological information regarding Segara Anakan from which resource management alternatives could be derived. It contains the following chapters: Geography and physical setting; Natural resources; Population, socioeconomics and land use; Economic sector; Institutional and legal framework; and Coastal resources management issues and plan.
In the Philippines, the Lingayen Gulf coastal area is an ideal site for the pilot testing of resource managementinitiatives that can be adopted to other coastal areas of the country. It is the major fishing ground of northwestern Luzon. The majority of the population surrounding towns is dependent on coastal resources, especially living marine resources, for food, income and employment. The capture fisheries, aquaculture and tourism sectors of the gulf are important to the regional economy.
The publication includes 6 papers on selected topics related to coastal zone management, which were presented as contributions to the Workshop