This paper examines lessons from past approaches to natural disasters, as well as early lessons from the post-2004 Asian tsunami rehabilitation, to draw out general principles for rehabilitating livelihoods in poor coastal communities.
Climate variability has a profound influence on fisheries and agriculture in South Asia. CaFFSA will innovate in the delivery of climate services to 330,000 farm households in India (Andhra Pradesh and Odisha states) and 150,000 fish farming households in Odisha and Bangladesh (Barisal, Sylhet and Khulna divisions). Timely, reliable and contextualized climate information will profoundly change the climate risk equation in sectors that underpin the food security of millions. The project will build on the existing expertise of CGIAR and partnerships with national agencies, agricultural service and credit institutions to design and deliver scalable products, with an aim to reach more than 600,000 people by 2021.
This work was implemented as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), which is carried out with support from CGIAR Fund Donors and through bilateral funding agreements. This project is led by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
The European Union is the world’s largest importer of seafood products, mainly from Asia. The growth of aquaculture in Asia has been remarkable, but it also raises environmental concerns and poses serious challenges in terms of sustainability, social equity and suitable technologies. To establish sustainable aquaculture practices that improve resource efficiency and reduce environmental impact, the project will establish standards for aquaculture site planning, animal health, food product safety and farm governance. A key aim is to launch a multi-stakeholder platform—the European-Asian Technology and Innovation Platform—to foster international cooperation on sustainable aquaculture between Europe and South-East Asia.
In 2013, Typhoon Haiyan devastated large areas of the Philippines, destroying vital sources of livelihoods for many rural households. This project aims to rebuild livelihoods through cash grants for fishers to help them to revive the aquaculture and sea fisheries sectors in the worst affected areas of Eastern Samar and Leyte. Specifically, the project seeks to rebuild mud crab, blue crab, milkfish and tilapia aquaculture as well as seaweed farming within local communities and assist with links to potential markets for the produce.
The 2004 tsunami that devastated the province of Aceh in Indonesia left in its wake thousands of communities without homes and destroyed the livelihood of farmers who worked the land to produce rice, fish and shrimp. WorldFish, in partnership with the Aceh Society Development (ASD) Cooperative, has helped to put communities back on their feet through providing vital assistance in the development of local small-scale aquaculture enterprises.
Moshni is typical of many small villages in the vast coastal delta region of Bangladesh, where the population depends largely on agriculture and aquaculture for food, nutrition and income.
The people of this coastal region, and the aquatic agricultural systems their livelihoods depend on, are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. These include increased frequency of flooding due to sea-level rise, elevated salinity in agricultural areas, greater monsoon precipitation, and increased vulnerability to cyclone and storm surges, drought.
In November 2007, Cyclone Sidr devastated southern Bangladesh, taking more than 3000 lives and causing USD$2 billion in damage. “Sidr took our crops, fishpond and house, leaving us hopeless,” recalls Gita Roy of Jhalakathi District, who was one of thousands to lose both her home and her source of food and income.
In response to the disaster WorldFish led a USAID-funded project to restore the productive capacity of 46,500 fish, prawn and shrimp-farming households, and capture lessons on how to make disaster-prone coastal communities more resilient.