There is a vast potential for Asia's numerous and needy small-scale farmers to enjoy the benefits of integration of aquaculture into farming systems. This publication attempts to create a framework for an interdisciplinary approach to research and education in integrated farming - a fusion of agriculture and aquaculture sciences.
The Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP) was authorized by USAID under the Cooperative Agreement # 388-A-00-00-00068-00 on 28 June 2000. This report covers activities for the three months of the project, 1 January 2002 through 31 March 2002. Financial reporting for the Project is handled separately from ICLARM headquarters in Penang, Malaysia.
The Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP) was authorized and funded by USAID on 28 June 2000. This technical progress report covers activities for the three months of the project, 1 April 2004 through 30 June 2004. The main thrust of the Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project is to sponsor on-farm aquaculture production demonstrations implemented through co-operating NGO partners. These demonstrations are expected to show farmers and their neighbors the profitability of managed aquaculture systems as small business enterprises.
The paper reviews freshwater and coastal aquaculture practices in Thailand, and compares the productivity, costs, and benefits across various types of cultivation and various intensities of production. The paper is based on data that were collected in surveys conducted during 1998-2001 by the Department of Fisheries (DOF), Thailand and the WorldFish Center. More than 22% of Thailand's fish supply comes from aquaculture, with coastal aquaculture accounting for more than 88% of this in terms of value.
Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP) aims at promoting pond and rice field based aquaculture in collaboration with national institutes, NGOs and private sector. The Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI) is its key partner in this endeavor. DSAP with a 5.5 million USD funding from USAID, under the Growth of Agribusiness and Small Business SO of USAID, launched a project covering 57 districts of Bangladesh. The duration of the project is from June 2000 to July 2005.
The Bangladesh research system has been continuing to release new rice varieties with novel traits. The improved varieties have spread to nearly two thirds of the rice area. The technological progress has helped Bangladesh to achieve self-sufficiency in rice production in 2001 from a heavy import-dependence at Independence in 1971, despite doubling of population and a reduction in arable land since then.
Breeding programs for carp species carried out in a number of Asian countries have delivered genetically fast growing strains to farmers and producers. The economic benefits resulting from the programs are substantial. The genetic improvement of carp is one of the most profitable and sustainable ways to help poor communities in developing countries in the region.
A realistic alternative to traditional technology development and transfer has been utilized by the WorldFish Center to integrate pond fish culture into farming systems in Malawi and Cameroon. Participatory rural appraisal tools are used to assess farm resources and constraints and introduce the basic concepts of aquaculture.
This chapter presents the results from a selective breeding experiment with Nile tilapia in a low input pond environment. The environment was defined as low input as the pond only received chicken manure for fertilisation. No pellets were given to the fish during larval rearing or grow out. The results show that good growth can be obtained under these conditions. Heritability for growth was high (0.6) and harvest body weight almost doubled over two generations of selection.
The book reports on the socioeconomic study made on tilapia culture in seasonal ponds/ditches in Bangladesh. Results show that the simple technology, requiring very low labor input, is economically viable and brings other benefits.