To better understand the key components of aquaculture production in periurban Africa, the farming systems and profitability of five semi-intensive fish culture investments within 35 km of the centre of Yaoundé, Cameroon were subjected to economic analysis. Profitability of farms varied considerably. Two farmers lose money each year. Net returns to management on profitable farms ranged from a low of Fcfa 0.3 million, to a high of Fcfa 3.87 million (overall weighted average = Fcfa 0.99 million).
The Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP) was authorized by USAID under the Cooperative Agreement # 388-A-00-00-00068-00 on 28 June 2000. This report covers activities for the three months of the project, 1 October 2001 through 31 December 2001. Financial reporting for the Project is handled separately from ICLARM headquarters in Penang, Malaysia.
The Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project funded by USAID became operational since 28 June 2000 and will run through 31 July 2005. The overall goal of the project is to improve household incomes and livelihoods of resource limited people who take advantage from appropriate aquaculture technologies and to bring to market increased aquaculture products to offset a declining fish supply.
Studies were undertaken on 256 farms in Bangladesh from 1992-1994 to assess the feasibility and economic viability of integrating fish culture with rice farming during aman (wet) and boro (dry) seasons in medium highlands. The study shows the importance of understanding the local context for successful adoption of a new technology. The performance of rice-fish farming appears very promising but better-off farmers were more likely to adopt it and benefit from it.
The paper discusses the status of freshwater aquaculture, and the productivity and cost effectiveness of alternative technologies in the major fish producing countries in Asia, such as Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The analysis is based on field survey data collected by the WorldFish Center and its partner research institutes, and supplemented by secondary information. The paper adopts descriptive techniques to compare the performance of each technology across the countries in terms of productivity, cost effectiveness and profitability.
The Tram Chim Protected Area was recently recognized by the goverment as a national park for the conservation of typical wetland ecosystems in the Dong Thap Muoi area of the Mekong Delta. However, the protection of this national park has been a challenging task. Population in the area has rapidly increased in recent years, a result of the State policies encouraging land reclamation and natural resources exploitation in this area. Many of the local people are poor farmers whose livelihoods are based on rice cultivation and natural resource gathering.
This paper examines the economic analysis of fish farming in Behera governorate of Egypt. High prices of fish feed, declining fish prices and lack of finance were found to be the top ranking serious constraints facing farmers in that area.
A redefinition of the objectives for aquaculture development in tropical developing countries is presented. The common rationale to justify aquaculture development is that of fish production per se as a stand-alone enterprise. Efforts to link fish culture with livestock production by small-scale resource-poor farmers have not worked well because technology packages were proposed which did not consider their perspectives and resources. An alternative view is presented here, in which all the natural resources that can be managed by the fanner are considered.
Smallholding farmers in Zomba District, Malawi have been working in partnership with ICLARM scientists to conduct controlled on-farm trials of integrated pond fish culture. In the 1993 growing season, seven smallholding farmers in Zomba District, Malawi tested the potential for integrated aquaculture of indigenous fish using locally-available resources. To scientifically control these tests, management practices and inputs used by farmers were mimicked in ponds at the National Aquaculture Center.
Aquaculture is currently responsible for an insignificant proportion of total fish production in Uganda. However, given the increasing demand for fresh fish in urban and peri-urban araes, and threats to the supply of fish from natural catch fisheries, the potential exists for a strong market in aquaculture.