Community-based aquaculture in India- strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.

Community-based aquaculture founded on the principles of common interest groups working together regardless of sex and age has been an effective tool for implementing scientific aquaculture programs in India. Water bodies that do not interset villagers are targeted for use to avoid communal problems. Farmers who share common interests are identified and organized and a team leader chosen among them. An inventory of resources using the SWOT analysis is made.

Aquaculture for small farmers: a technology development and dissemination strategy

The International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) with funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has been assisting the Bangladesh Agricultural Re-search Council (BARC) and the Fisheries Research Institute (FRI), in develop ing low-input technologies, for maximising production from available water resources, through optimum utilisation of on-farm resources. The target groups for these studies are the resource-poor, small-holder farmers who constitute the bulk of the population in Bangladesh.

Analytical framework for rethinking aquaculture development for smallholder farmers.

A framework for a new type of analytical approach to aquaculture development is presented. It focuses onsmallholder farmers in the context of their environment and managed natural resources, and considers experiences gained in past initiatives; makes extensive use of existing information from previous studies; employs a participatory approach and bases work on partnership among farmers, researchers and extensionists: (both government and/or nongovernment organizations) in field trials.

Using the sustainable livelihoods framework to identify constraints and opportunities to the development of freshwater prawn farming in southwest Bangladesh

A conceptual framework, drawn from an approach to poverty reduction known as the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA), is applied to understanding the role of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, farming in gher (modified rice fields with high, broad peripheral dikes) systems in southwest Bangladesh. Gher farming potentially allows incorporation of a wide variety of crops together with prawn, fish, dike crops and rice culture.

Training resource book on a participatory method for modelling bioresource flows.

This guidebook helps researchers and extensionists learn an easy rapid appraisal technique that enables farmers to draw conceptual models of their farm systems. The drawings help researchers and extensionists to understand quickly local agricultural practices and identify entry points for integrating new enterprises into the farm. The book can be used independently or to accompany two videos, Aquaculture and the Rural African Farmer and Pictorial Modelling: A Farmer-Participatory Method for Modelling Bioresource Flows in Farming Systems.

Report on partner NGO refresher course (3): (for field assistants recruited in 2001)

Freshwater Resources Research Program of the WorldFish Center is aimed at improving food security and eradicating poverty by introducing small-scale fresh water aquaculture as an element into the economic activities of resource poor households in rural area (Bangladesh). The target groups are the poor producers and consumers who can benefit from the better use and management of aquatic resources. Year 2000 was the beginning of the USAID funded Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP).

Report on partner NGO refresher course (1): (for field assistants recruited in 2002)

Freshwater Resources Research Program of the WorldFish Center is aimed at improving food security and eradicating poverty by introducing small-scale fresh water aquaculture as an element into the economic activities of resource poor households in rural area (Bangladesh). The target groups are the poor producers and consumers who can benefit from the better use and management of aquatic resources. Year 2000 was the beginning of the USAID funded Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP).

Production priorities overshadow genetic quality at African fish hatcheries

Based largely on FAO programs that address rural poverty, small-scale hatcheries have been developed in Africa to produce catfish and tilapia fingerlings. Production practices that fail to maintain genetic diversity, however, often limit the growth performance of the fingerlings. Growth rates up to 40% lower than those of wild fish potentially cost African farmers over U.S. $200 million a year.

Proceedings of review workshop on aquaculture technology

Aquaculture is considered to be one of the major components in farming system in Bangladesh because of the potential role it can play to combat protein malnutrition, employment generation, poverty alleviation and foreign exchange earnings. However, proper identification of the problems faced by the farmers as well as selection of appropriate technology and its transfer to the farmers is a must to make the aquaculture practices effective and sustainable.

Pawpaw seed as fertility control agent on male Nile tilapia

To find out if pawpaw (Carica papaya) seeds can induce sterility in male Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and to determine if sterility so induced is reversible or otherwise, mature male tilapia of mean weight 40 g were treated for 30 days with a low dose (4.9 g/kg/day) and a high dose (9.8 g/kg/day) of ground pawpaw seeds incorporated into their feed. Fish of similar sizes in the control experiment were fed with feed that did not contain pawpaw seed.

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