The fisheries sector of Vietnam plays an important role in the social and economic development of the country. The sector contributes about 3% of the GDP and fish contributes about 40% of animal protein consumption in the country. In 1999, total fisheries production amounted to 1.8 million t. Of this, 1.2 million t was derived from marine capture fisheries and 0.6 million t from aquaculture. Fish exports were valued at US$971.12 million in the same year. Vietnam’s marine fisheries and coastal aquaculture have further potential for development.
This paper reviews the coastal fishery resources of Bangladesh emphasizing the coastal environment, capture fisheries and management issues relative to the sector. Bangladesh’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers an area of about 166 000 km2. This area has abundant natural resources such as fish, shrimps, crabs and other marine products. Shrimp and fish trawling is the most important economic activity in this area. The fishery sector makes a significant contribution to the national economy in terms of foreign exchange, income generation and employment.
A mass-balance model of the trophic structure of San Pedro Bay, Leyte Province, Philippines was constructed using the Ecopath modeling software. The model is composed of 16 ecological groups (13 consumer, 2 producers, 1 detritus groups). The input parameters were obtained from the resource assessments studies conducted in 1994 - 95 and the biomass of Leiognathidae, an important group of small demersal fishes was estimated from trawl survey data using the swept- area method. The model indicated that the average trophic level of the fishery catches is 3.25.
This paper presents the results of analyses of demersal fish assemblages in various fishing grounds in the Philippines. Data from exploratory trawl surveys conducted in 1947 - 49 show that the 24 fishing grounds covered by the survey can be arranged along a gradient of substrate type (i.e. relative coral cover and sediment characteristics). These may be used to determine the species commonly caught in these grounds. A trend of increasing catch rates with decreasing water depth and increasing proportion of mud in the substrate was noted.
Very preliminary bioeconomic assessments are reported in respect to fishery situation in Kenya. In the case of the shrimp fishery, it is concluded that the contemporary trawler fleet is substantially in excess of that required to maximise fishery profits. The second situation concerns the presently unexploited stock of quality demersal species on the North Kenya Bank. It is concluded that this stock might be sufficient to support a fishery, although involving probably no more than a few vessels.
A trophic model of the marine fisheries resources of the north coast of Central Java, Indonesia was constructed using the Ecopath with Ecosim software and data from a trawl survey conducted in the area in 1979. The model consists of 27 ecological groups with a mean trophic level of 3.04. The exploited fishery was then a moderately mature and relatively stable system. The impact of the fishery at the time was low to moderate in comparison with the fisheries in other systems and notably in later time periods.
An attempt to fit the von Bertalanffy growth equation to three species of deep sea snappers using the ELEFAN method was unsuccessful, mainly because the fish are slow-growing, long lived species. Problems were also encountered in estimating asymptotic length and Z/K using a Wetherall plot. Possible approaches to resolving those difficulties are discussed.
Assessments made of shrimp catches in Kuwait and available stocks indicate that finfish eat a large majority of theshrimp available. Management measures to be taken in order to reduce this predation problem are considered.
The FishBase 96 CD-ROM, the computerized encyclopedia of fishes, contains, among other things, 4,434 fully documented sets of growth parameters for 1,115 species, and 170 families of fish. This allows definition of thegrowth patterns typical for various taxa, and the prediction of likely growth parameters in little studied groups, aswell as the identification of outliers in well studied ones.
This study reports the first evidence of the occurrence of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in commonly consumed seafood from the coastal area of Bangladesh. Fifteen target PFAAs in 48 seafood samples (5 finfish and 2 shellfish species) were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. The results were comparable with other studies worldwide, particularly from China, Spain, Sweden, and USA. The majority of monitored PFAAs did not show clear seasonal variation. However, seafood from the southeast area (Cox's Bazar and Chittagong) showed relatively higher levels of PFAAs.