Sandfish is arguably the most commercially valuable of the tropical species of sea cucumber that are processed into bêche-de-mer. It is widely distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific, occurring in shallow inshore areas where it is easily accessible to coastal fishers. A-grade bêche-de-mer processed from sandfish commands some of the highest prices on the international market. But these same attributes also make it vulnerable to overexploitation. Sadly, this has happened in most places where it occurs.
Fish play a crucial role in the Bangladeshi diet, providing more than 60% of animal source food, representing a crucial source of micro-nutrients, and possessing an extremely strong cultural attachment. Fish (including shrimp and prawn) is the second most valuable agricultural crop, and its production contributes to the livelihoods and employment of millions. The culture and consumption of fish therefore has important implications for national food and nutrition security, poverty and growth.
Some interesting ideas on improving the cost-effectiveness of feeding in semi-intensive finfish aquaculture are presented.
Microbial biofilms have been found to increase fish production in ponds by increasing heterotrophic production through periphyton proliferation on available substrates. In this paper, the role of substrate based microbial biofilm in the production of Cyprinus carpio and Labeo rohita grown in ponds is investigated, using an easily available and biodegradable agricultural waste product (sugarcane bagasse) as substrate.
This paper presents a series of short mathematical expressions that may be used to determine the necessary variables in production planning in a modular pond system for fish culture.
A simple running water method of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerling production in ponds in Northern Cameroon is outlined.
The feasibility of semi-intensive culture of Penaeus monodon in low saline environment was investigated by comparing the growth and production in low (0.16-6.52 ppt) and high (4.60-19.42 ppt) saline areas at two stocking densities (10.5 and 16 individuals/m super(2)). After 135 days of culture, yield of shrimp in low and high stocking densities was 1563.37 kg/ha and 2274 kg/ha, respectively, in low saline ponds, and 1173.00 and 1974.00 kg/ha, respectively in high saline ponds.
Manure from grower-finisher pigs (15-100 kg) was added to 0.1 hs ponds at six different rates: 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140 pigs/ha of pond. Tilapia (Sarotherodon niloticus), Cyprinus carpio and Ophicephalus striatus were cultured in the ponds at total stocking rates of 10000 and 20000 fish/ha. There were two 90-day fish culture periods in each 180 day pig culture period. The highest net fish yield of 3549 kg/ha/180 days was obtained with 103 pig/ha and 20000 fish/ha treatment.
Environmental changes due to 2 decades of drought have modified the ecosystem of the Basse Casamance, Senegal thus forcing farmers to change their practices. They have built fish ponds and diversified into crops such as peanut, millet, sorghum, cassava and vegetables. The ponds have 2 purposes - to protect ricefields against inflow of brackishwater and to raise fish. The fish complements rice, which is the main diet, adding animal protein and serving as a source of income.
To measure the impact of past projects on the sustained adoption and development of aquaculture, and to assess the potential for future growth, a participatory rural appraisal (PRA) based on the Research Tool for Natural Resource Management, Monitoring and Evaluation (RESTORE) of 100 farmers (62 with fishponds, 38 without) was undertaken between January and August 2001 in the Noun Division of Western Province, Cameroon. The average household of 14 persons possessed 5.5 ha of land. Educational level is low (less then 35% above primary, 24% illiterate).