Rice is presently grown in 113 countries. Rice farming also offers a suitable environment for the culture of fish and other aquatic organism. This publication synthesizes the available information on the role that aquaculture can play in rice-based farming systems towards food security and poverty alleviation.
Gives comprehensive and well-illustrated techniques in comics format for establishing and maintaining an inexpensive hatchery for common carp, based on the techniques adopted in the common carp culture in Indonesia.
The omnivorous African sharptooth catfish is a valuable species suitable for culture by smallholder farmers in Cameroon. A five-year research project that brought farmers together with research interests established simple, but effective approaches to increasing catfish fingerling production through improved egg handling, antipredation measures, and higher-density stocking options.
To diagnose inhibition of egg hatchability by rainfall and water stagnation, some incubating eggs were protected against the physical impact of raindrops, some were subjected to various turbidity levels and others, to various incubation densities (number of eggs/litre of water) in flowing vs stagnant water. Data analyses showed that, unaffected by raindrop (P> 0.05), hatchability was inversely proportional to both turbidity (coefficient=-0.971) and incubation density (coefficient= -0.973). Only the properly constructed ponds (i.e.
Human and institutional capacities for developing and managing genetically improved tilapia in Africa are discussed. Discussions are related particularly to the status of hatcheries, rearing facilities, research and extension services, training in genetic enhancement, and fish transfer in major aquaculture countries in Africa. The leading aquaculture producing countries are Egypt and Nigeria along with nine other countries with some intermediate levels of fi sh production. The availability of quality fry and fingerlings constitutes a major constraint.
Symbiotic algae (zooxanthellae) from the mantles of fast- and slow-growing Tridacna gigas, from T. maxima, T. crocea and Hippopus hippopus were isolated and supplied to larvae of T. gigas grown under hatchery conditions. Significant differences in growth rates of the larvae and juveniles were seen between these various treatments. The larvae and juveniles which had been supplied with zooxanthellae taken from fast-growing T. gigas grew faster than those supplied with zooxanthellae taken from slow-growers. No preference was noted inT.
Hapas, usually suspended in fertilized ponds, have long been used for tilapia fry production (Santiago et al., 1985; Bhujel, 1997) and recently for fry rearing. In fish breeding programs, members of a full-sib family usually share a common tank or hapa prior to tagging and communal testing. This tends to increase resemblance between family members which may reduce the efficiency of breeding programs. For convenience of monitoring and identification of families, hapas are often arranged in rows over the pond.
To determine how best smallholders could maximize the profitability of their catfish hatcheries, the cost/benefit analyses of using fences, hapas and bird nets to exclude predators; as well as over-stocking to create food shortage, were conducted. As compared to the typical production system (fertilized unfenced ponds) and at a stocking density of 10 two-day old fry/m2, survival increased by 28% in fenced ponds, 34% in open hapas and 55% in bird-netted hapas.
The manual aims to provide a practical guidance to carp hatchery workers and background information on carp biology and culture. Conditions and techniques relative to the Asian Development Bank member countries are emphasized.