Gillnet catches of Oreochromis mortimeri (Trewavas) were studied in the Bumi Basin of Lake Kariba in 1988 and 1989. Total length (TL) was positively correlated with standard length (SL). The linear relationship between TL and SL was TL=1.91 + 1.22 SL (r super(2)=0.982). The relationship between SL and weight in g (W) was of the form W = 0.12 SL super(2.67). Maximum standard length (L sub(max)) was 33 cm and asymptotic length (L sub( infinity )) was 34.7 cm. Monthly ratios of male to female varied between 0.6:1 and 13:1. The mean ratio was 57.4% male: 42.6%female.
This contribution is a summary of the results of the study conducted by the University of the Philippines in the Visayas team from November 1990 to June 1991. The purpose of this research is to estimate demand and output supply elasticities in gillnet and seine fishing in Guimaras Strait (Philippines) and adjacent waters.
As part of the ongoing studies concerned with the small-scale fisheries of the South of Portugal, experimental fishing was carried out with monofilament gillnets and small hook longlines within the same area. Sixty-two species were caught, of which 20 were common to both gears. Pronounced differences in terms of the relative importance of different species in the catches were observed. Size selection patterns also differed, with highly overlapped hook catch distributions and few species showing evidence for size selectivity.
Fish harvesting methods have been long reported to be one of the major bottlenecks to the development of ruralaquaculture in Malawi (Ministry of Natural Resources and Surveys 1962). Most fish are harvested with nets borrowed from fisheries departments, leading to overdependence of farmers on the government.
Costs and returns of three major stationary gears of Cabusao, San Miguel Bay, Philippines, are analysed. The gears discussed include fish corrals, liftnets and filter nets. Systems for allocation of fishing rights are presented and the returns of capital and labor determined based on the sharing system practiced for each gear. During the observation period, the fish corrals and filter nets earned pure profits in excess of their opportunity costs and the liftnets incurred pure losses.
A proportionate random sample survey of 10 percent of the driftnet and Payang seine fishers in West Sumatra was carried out in 1998. A total of 45 driftnet and 66 lampara fishers were interviewed to obtain socioeconomic data on the fisheries. About 40 percent of the driftnet and 76 percent of the lampara fishers owned and operated their fishing vessels and gears indicating a high level of ownership of fishing assets by these small scale fishers.