Challenges in sustaining and increasing fish production to combat hunger and poverty in Asia

Fish and fisheries make a major contribution to nutritional security and the fight against hunger and poverty in Asia. An additional 37 million t of food fish will be needed by 2020 to meet the needs of the growing population, changing dietary habits and increasing income levels. Production from capture fisheries has reached a plateau, with most fisheries having reached their maximum sustainable yields or being overexploited.

Blue frontiers: managing the environmental costs of aquaculture

Blue Frontiers: Managing the environmental costs of aquaculture is a publication from The WorldFish Center and Conservation International. The report analyzes how the global aquaculture industry uses natural resources and its impacts on the environment. It makes a broad-brush comparison of aquaculture with other animal food production systems and extrapolates from past history to look forward and identify potential future impacts. The paper also proposes important recommendations for policy makers and scientists engaged in debate on the future of food production and nutrition security.

A better margin: disadvantaged minorities in rural Bangladesh boost their incomes with new fish skills

This factsheet hightlights the achievements of the Adivasi Fisheries Project (AFP) targeting the disadvanged rural minorities called Adivasi. In leading the AFP, the WorldFish Center built on 2 decades of earlier work in Bangladesh on aquaculture techniques for smallholders and communities fisheries management. The AFP lifted the average income of participating Adivasi households. The increased income improved their food securities, reducing their food deficit period from 1.7 months in 2007 to 1.4 months in 2008.

Baseline study: nutritional status, food security and fish consumption among people living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia

Under the regional programme Fisheries and HIV/AIDS in Africa, the University of Zambia, in collaboration with the WorldFish Center, has undertaken a baseline survey of the nutritional status and fish consumption of people living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia. Factors examined include household composition, education level, livelihood strategies, household food security, asset ownership, common ailments, sources of medication, the reason why children died, consumption of fish and other animal source foods, and level of nutrition education.

Barriers to aquaculture development as a pathway to poverty alleviation and food security

The importance of aquaculture production in developing countries is reviewed briefly. Two sets of barriers to realizing the potential of aquaculture to alleviate poverty and improve food security and nutrition are identified: those directly attributable to aquaculture development policies and those arising from a lack of policy coherence for development (PCD). The latter applies to a wide range of sectors, the most important from an aquaculture perspective being energy, environment, agriculture and food production, and trade and sanitary standards.

Aquaculture for the poor in Cambodia

This lesson learned reviewed the current status of aquaculture in Cambodia. It primarily covers inland fish farming development and coastal aquaculture projects targeted at poverty alleviation and food security. It focuses on approaches aimed at developing low cost systems, and less on high input aquaculture systems that are usually inaccessible to poor families.

Aquaculture and markets: a research agenda

This issues brief proposes an agenda for markets and trade research that supports pro-poor development of aquaculture. It summarises key trends and issues relating to global aquaculture development and identifies critical markets and trade dimensions. Coinciding with renewed interest and change in global agricultural research, this brief is targeted to aquaculture development practitioners and researchers. It aims to provoke discussion on the key areas of markets-related analysis needed to ensure that aquaculture research delivers the strongest poverty reduction and food security outcomes.

Aquaculture and food security in Solomon Islands

"Aquaculture and Food Security in the Solomon Islands" (ACIAR Project FIS/2009/061) was formulated to assist the Government of Solomon Islands in better understanding the future demand for aquaculture and particularly to develop a strategy to guide future development of sustainable inland aquaculture to support food security and secure livelihoods for the Solomon Islands in response to rising populations and climate change.

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