L’essor de la pêche commerciale, notamment de l’exportation de la perche du Nil, a entraîné la réduction des stocks de poissons et de la disponibilité du poisson auprès des populations de la région du Lac Victoria. Cette baisse ne menace pas seulement les moyens d’existence des pêcheurs artisanaux et des transformateurs mais elle met également en danger la sécurité nutritionnelle et alimentaire des populations de la région.
Two opposing views exist in the literature on the potential role that international fish trade plays in economic development. While some claim that fish trade has a pro-poor effect, others denounce the negative effect of fish export on local populations’ food security and doubt its contributions to the macro-economy. In this paper, we explore this debate in sub-Saharan Africa. Our analysis did not find any evidence of direct negative impact of fish trade on food security; neither did it find evidence that international fish trade generates positive, pro-poor outcomes.
Resilience thinking is an important addition to the range of frameworks and approaches that can be used to understand and manage complex social–ecological systems like small-scale fisheries. However, it is yet to lead to better environmental or development outcomes for fisheries stakeholders in terms of food security, improved livelihoods and ecological sustainability.
These “Technical Guidelines for Economic Valuation of Inland Small-scale Fisheries in Developing Countries” are one of the outputs of the project on “Food security and poverty alleviation through improved valuation and governance of river fisheries in Africa”. The guidelines draw upon research results and experience gained during the course of the project.
Over 5 years of participatory on-farm research, market access, profitability, farming systems productivity and economic sustainability were compared on 100 small-scale farms in Central Cameroon. Integration technology based on the use of agricultural by-products as fishpond inputs was the driver for intensification. Over all farms, fishpond productivity increased from 498 kg to 1609 kg fish/ha (2145 kg/ha/yr). During the project period, the number of active fish farmers increased from 15 to 192 (including 55 farms which participated only through information exchange).
The Ocean Panel’s 14 serving world leaders have united to launch a new ocean action agenda on 2 December 2020, following a series of national launch events named “Follow the Sun” to signify and build global political will around their commitments from 3-4 December.
Check out the links below:
A virtual forum for attendees to ask questions on topics for game-changing and systemic solutions to achieve the Action Track 4 (AT4): Advance Equitable Livelihoods goals to the to the AT4 leadership team.
Date: Tuesday, 1 December 2020
Time: 21:00-23:00 (UTC+8)
The potential impacts of climate change on fishing communities and fishing supplies are profound. To tackle this issue involves 1. Strengthening science to inform adaptation needs and mitigation options. 2. Putting knowledge into policy and practice. 3) Collaboration for climate change adaptation.
Productivity enhancement has traditionally been the main focus of agricultural research to alleviate poverty and enhance food security of poor farmers in the developing world. Recently, the harmful impact of climate change, economic volatility, and other external shocks on poor farmers has led to concern that resilience should feature alongside productivity as a major objective of research.
This presentatioin is about the Asia-Pacific food security and nutrition challenge with focus on the area of ICLARM's work, namely, fisheries and aquaculture. The author also illustrates the different roles that science plays in tackling the challenges.