China is a large and rapidly developing country. Fisheries and aquaculture have been prominent sectors in the contribution to GDP and the provision of food security, export revenue, and livelihoods for the poor. The rapid development has come at some cost to the environment and the sustainability of natural resources. Levels of marine fisheries catches are stagnant. Some of the rivers and major lakes are polluted and the restoration of the productivity of these lakes is of key concern.
Rice is presently grown in 113 countries. Rice farming also offers a suitable environment for the culture of fish and other aquatic organism. This publication synthesizes the available information on the role that aquaculture can play in rice-based farming systems towards food security and poverty alleviation.
Across much of Africa, freshwater and coastal fisheries provide an important source of food and livelihood for many millions of people. In addition, the aquaculture potential of the continent has only recently begun to be developed. To help sustain these capture fisheries, support the emergence of aquaculture and foster the contribution of both to sustainable livelihoods and improved food security, the WorldFish Center is increasing its investment in Africa.
The promotion of integrated aquacultureagriculture has been achieved through collaborative efforts of the Malawi Government, WorldFish Center (formerly ICLARM) development partners (principally Germany and U.S.A.) and NGOs. The basic principle of integrated agro-pisciculture is to grow fish in waterbodies that are closely integrated into, and intentionally make use of the resource flows of all the diverse activities on a farm.
Fish play an increasingly important role in national and local economies of many developing countries. Africa’s rivers, wetlands and lakes are especially important for poor rural households for whom they provide employment and income opportunities in areas where other economic alternatives are scarce or inexistent. They also provide nutritional safetynets in these regions with limited roads and access to market. However, policy makers and regional decision makers tend to underrate fisheries, in particular inland small-scale fisheries.
In Asia, the fisheries sector is important in terms of food security, livelihoods and foreign exchange earnings. However, as in many parts of the world, there are signs that capture fisheries are fully exploited or overfished. Management of fisheries in the region is often hampered by lack of information on the status of fisheries in terms of biological, social, economic, policy and governance aspects. This regional project documents an alarming decline on coastal fishery resources, based on historic research surveys in South and Southeast Asia.
Small-scale fisheries (SSF) make important but undervalued contributions to the economies of some of the world’s poorest countries. They also provide much of the animal protein needed by societies in which food security remains a pressing issue. Assessment and management of these fisheries is usually inadequate or absent and they continue to fall short of their potential as engines for development and social change. In this study, we bring together existing theory and methods to suggest a general scheme for diagnosing and managing SSF.
This rolling Medium Term Plan (MTP) for 2003-2005 presents WorldFish Center’s (WorldFish) programs and partnerships and describes how they are designed to provide the scientific basis for the multiple positive contributions of sustainable aquatic resources management to poverty eradication, food security and environmental rehabilitation.
Based on the favorable comments we received about last year’s report, we have continued with a shortened version. This report highlights what we see as the key issues regarding the food crisis and the role that fish can play to reduce hunger. It also highlights some of other work.
Africa has been the source of alien species that are widely used in aquaculture and fisheries in many parts of the world, but African aquaculture has not benefited greatly either from the domestication of African species or the introduction of improved breed from elsewhere. In efforts to develop African aquaculture further, there is a desire to reintroduce genetically improved tilapia (primarily Oreochromis niloticus) back into Africa. However, there are risks to native African aquatic biodiversity that must be dealt within the re-introduction of African species.