In Nigeria, like many coastal developing countries, fish is an important source of food for the population, which is currently estimated at 186 million people (World Bank 2016). A recent study estimated that Nigeria ranks third globally for the number of people dependent on coastal fisheries for food and nutrition security, and the demand for fish is growing, alongside growth in population and incomes. However, household fish consumption in Nigeria—measured at 13.3 kg/capita/year—is low compared with the world’s average of 20.3 kg/capita/year (FAO 2018).
This working paper is a collaboration between two CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs): Fish Agri-Food Systems (FISH) and Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB). It documents linkages between fish, roots, tubers and bananas (RTB crops) within food systems; identifies opportunities for strengthened integration in production systems, animal feed and nutritional products; and identifies constraints and research gaps, and provides policy recommendations that support nutrition-sensitive food systems.
Although as of June 1, 2020, Solomon Islands had no coronavirus cases, there was a national economic recession plus restrictions on people’s movement, gatherings, education and business activities. For rural areas, two of the biggest changes have been increased circulation of people—those who moved out of Honiara and back to the provinces—and reduced cash flow. Food trade is impacted by a lack of cash in circulation, meaning reduced marketing of foods in villages and a rise in bartering of fish for other foods.
Since 2016, the IFAD-European Commission funded and WorldFish-led, project Managing Aquatic Agricultural Systems to Improve Nutrition and Livelihoods, has scaled-up the nutrition-sensitive fish production approaches previously developed and introduced in Bangladesh in support of rural and vulnerable households in Southeast Asia and Africa.
The current food system is responsible for producing one-fifth of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, losing approximately one-third of edible food in production, inabilities access to healthy and fresh food sources and are causing one-third of the world's land degradation. Furthermore, an estimate of two billion people worldwide suffers from hidden hunger or micronutrient deficiencies that are often caused by not eating a diverse diet including animal source food like fish and meat.