Although about 43% of the African continent is considered arid and water-poor, it supports the livelihoods of nearly 485 million people. This part of the continent is largely ignored as having potential for aquaculture development, but it has underground water sources (including brackish water aquifers), dams, seasonal ponds and pools from abandoned open-cast mines that all could be used for aquaculture. Furthermore, the abundant solar radiation is an inexpensive and sustainable source of energy for operating closed and open aquaculture systems and for preserving postharvest fish and fish products. Exploiting this potential requires research and development of climate-smart and efficient aquaculture technologies adaptable to water-deficient conditions. The ACliSAT project aims to improve rural livelihood and households’ resilience through aquaculture in Egypt, Ethiopia and Eriteria by sustainably increasing fish production and productivity, nutrition and income generation of fish farmers. The 3-year project will leverage improvements in pond designs and construction for efficient water use. It will also leverage improvements in feed production and feeding technology, as well as adaptation and improved culture practices of Nile Tilapia for different water and temperature conditions. Using these improvements, the project will stimulate growth in emerging and existing aquaculture sectors by sharing knowledge with fish farmers, research centers, extension agencies and service providers on aquaculture technologies and improving the engagement of women and youths in aquaculture activities.
This annual report provides key results and learning achieved during 2018 in the CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-Food Systems (FISH). FISH made significant progress during the year in (a) producing and disseminating a suite of research innovations for sustainable development of aquaculture and fisheries across Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and (b) in moving toward stronger results-based program management through development and adoption of a monitoring, evaluation and learning platform.
Presented by Steven M Cole, Alexander M Kaminski, Cynthia McDougall, Alexander S Kefi, Pamela Marinda, Modern Maliko, and Johans Mtonga at 7th Global Conference on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries, Bangkok, Thailand, October 19, 2018
This study seeks to inform fisheries management and social protection processes of the key vulnerability issues faced by fishers at five pilot sites selected for fisheries co-management within the research programme of the Myanmar Department of Fisheries, WorldFish and FAO on an Centre for International Agricultural Research(ACIAR) funded project. The PRA-V study also explored gender vulnerability aspects, focusing on female-headed households and individual women from fisher households.
In Bangladesh, up to 45% of the population was living in urban areas as of 2010, and the estimated prevalence of urban poverty was approximately 20%. Yet, very little is known about the food security and diets of the urban poor. To date, studies of the determinants of food security and diets in Bangladesh have focused on factors related to food systems and price shocks. Women's empowerment is one potential determinant of dietary intake that remains under-studied. In the context of global nutrition programs, interventions that promote women's empowerment are considered nutrition-sensitive.
Effective implementation of the gender aspects of the Small-scale fisheries (SSF) Guidelines will require fisheries governing institutions that have the capacity and capability to integrate gender research and best practices in their policy and practice.
In 2018, WorldFish Egypt launched the Empowering Women Fish Retailers (EWFIRE) Project. Funded by the European Commission (EuropeAid), the project supports vulnerable women retailers and processors to develop their businesses in five urban areas across the Sharkia governorate, lower Egypt (Zagazig, Faous, Belbeis, Al-Hussainya and Abu-Kebeer). The objective is to empower existing and new fish retailers by providing training in product development, increasing their market visibility and supporting community-based market development initiatives in Sharkia.