Decentralized provision of primary healthcare in rural Bangladesh : a study of government facilities

Bangladesh has made significant progress in health indicators in recent years in spite of her low level of income. This is mainly due to the commitment of the state supported by donors in providing preventive care with respect to child health and family planning. However, there are serious problems related to both access and quality of curative care that hurt the poor most. Infrastructures for service delivery exist at local level in rural areas but they function inefficiently.

Quarantine procedures and their implementation

Diseases have become one of the most significant constraints to aquaculture development and management worldwide. It is clear that most disease incursions and outbreaks stem from unregulated movement of aquatic animals, with little or no risk assessment and quarantine. The way to reduce the introduction of pathogens and occurrence of disease outbreaks is to apply appropriate international norms, recommendations, and standards that govern safe trans-boundary movement of aquatic animals and animal products.

Proceedings of the international workshop responding to HIV and AIDS in the fishery sector in Africa

The purpose of the workshop was to enable professionals and organizations working with fishing communities inresponse to HIV and AIDS in Africa to share experiences, appraise the efficacy of their approaches and identify actions in research and development that will further improve their impact. The workshop pursued and achievedthe following objectives: 1)Review and compare research findings and approaches applied in response to HIV andAIDS in fishing communities and the wider fishery sector. 2)Identify good practice examples for wider application.

The role of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Cattagena Protocol on Biosafety in minimizing adverse effects of invasive alien species and living modified organisms

The introduction of alien species into ecosystems has the potential to adversely affect biological diversity. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), an international agreement with 182 member countries including 53 in Africa, requires parties to prevent the introduction of, control or eradicate those alien species that threaten ecosystems, habitats or species. The parties to the Convention have developed guiding principles for the prevention, introduction, and mitigation of impacts of alien species, which are an important guide for managing species introductions.

Transgenic fish: risks and benefits

Advocates of transgenesis consider it an effective means of improving the productivity of aquatic animals. Opponents see it as a threat to both the environment and human health. This is a challenging area because important traits in fish are complex and controlled by multiple genes. Nevertheless, some transgenic lines of "high-growth" tilapia, salmon and carp are nearing the stage at which they could be considered for commercial production.

Fish farming supports HIV-affected families in Africa

The food crisis is adding to the misery of countries already crippled by other burdens like drought and HIV. Here people are turning to fish farming, not only for food and income but also as a way to cope with the challenges of HIV — in particular the orphans from AIDS. This video takes a look at WorldFish's work to reduce poverty and hunger in Africa through fish farming.

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