Irrigation systems and their reservoirs are complex, dynamic socio-ecological systems. With the right management, crop and fish production can both be increased, with the benefits shared equitably among nearby communities. A forthcoming guide will detail how to realize these outcomes by better integrating fisheries into irrigation systems at all scales.
Irrigated agriculture and maintaining inland capture fisheries are both essential for food and nutrition security in Myanmar. However, irrigated agriculture through water control infrastructure, such as sluices or barrages, weirs and regulators, creates physical barriers that block migration routes of important fish species.