Fisheries co-management is an increasingly globalized concept, and a cornerstone of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication, adopted by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization member states in 2014. Timor-Leste is a politically young country in the relatively rare position of having underexploited fisheries in some areas that can be leveraged to improve coastal livelihood outcomes and food and nutrition security.
In November 2013, the super typhoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan) struck the Philippines, causing huge devastation. In the most affected provinces of rural Leyte and Samar, home to some of the poorest people in the Philippines, over 5,500 people died. Shelters and properties were washed out, and farming and fishing livelihoods were destroyed.