CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health

In the developing world, more than 1 billion people depend on fish for most of their animal protein, and another 1 billion people depend on livestock. Poor people, especially women and children, typically eat very little meat, milk and fish. This contributes to nutrient deficiencies and poor physical and cognitive development for children and poor health and livelihood outcomes for adults.

Assessment of agrobiodiversity resources in the Borotse flood plain, Zambia

Concerns about perceived loss of indigenous materials emerged from multiple stakeholders during consultations to plan and design the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems for the Borotse hub in Zambia’s Western Province. To come to grips with and address the concerns, the AAS Borotse hub program of work included an assessment of agrobiodiversity to inform community-level and program initiatives and actions.

Integration of aquaculture and agriculture: a route to sustainable farming systems

The integration of agriculture and aquaculture as a means of intensifying resource use and improving the productivity of many current farming practices in Southeast Asian and African countries is discussed. A brief account is given of work undertaken by ICLARM in Malawi and India regarding the improved use of marginal lands to integrate crops, vegetables, trees, livestock and fish, outlining also the various problems involved in the extension of such integrated fish farming systems.

Social and policy issues involved in adoption of integrated agriculture-aquaculture-livestock production systems in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Government and non-government organizations have in recent years undertaken research to study ways of optimizing food production from available water resources. This research has resulted in the development of techniques for practicing (i) integrated rice fish farming, either concurrently or in rotation with rice in rainfed, irrigated and deepwater rice ecosystems; and (ii) integrated poultry-fish farming in homestead ponds. The integration of fish culture with rainfed and irrigated rice farming has resulted in increase in fish production and rice yields.

Outstanding yields and profits from livestock-tilapia integrated farming.

Despite setbacks that included typhoons and floods, and experimental animals that once ate precious data sheets, the most intensive research on integrated farming in Southeast Asia was successfully concluded at the end of 1981. It was carried out by scientists and technicians from ICLARM and the Freshwater Aquaculture Center (FAC), Central Luzon State University, Philippines, using specially prepared ponds at the FAC.

Research and education for the development of integrated crop-livestock-fish farming systems in the tropics.

There is a vast potential for Asia's numerous and needy small-scale farmers to enjoy the benefits of integration of aquaculture into farming systems. This publication attempts to create a framework for an interdisciplinary approach to research and education in integrated farming - a fusion of agriculture and aquaculture sciences.

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