Fisheries is a vital sector in the Philippine economy, providing a significant source of both domestic and export earnings while meeting essential food security and nutritional requirements. However, marine resources in the Philippines are facing increasing pressure from overfishing, destructive fishing practices, habitat destruction, declining water quality and limited management capacity. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are part of the management strategy to address these issues but the majority of MPAs around the world do not meet their management objectives.
The Solomon Islands is one of the CT6 countries that have signed on to the Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) (FAO 2003a). In doing so, they have agreed to implement EAFM into national policy and fisheries management (USCTI 2011). Although there has been a significant time lag in its translation, there has been some progress more recently in this regard. A review of the policy relevant to the national implementation of an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) is presented here.
The main purpose of this book is to assess how changes projected to occur under low (B1) and high (A2) emissions scenarios in 2035 and 2100 could derail plans by the Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) to use the sustainable benefits of fisheries and aquaculture to foster economic development, government revenue, food security and livelihoods.
Aquaculture is a rapidly expanding sector of the global economy. Development of the industry under various national and regional jurisdictions has resulted in a diversity of regulatory frameworks. This manual has been produced in response to requests for guidance on the application of risk analysis with respect to aquaculture production.
Productivity enhancement has traditionally been the main focus of agricultural research to alleviate poverty and enhance food security of poor farmers in the developing world. Recently, the harmful impact of climate change, economic volatility, and other external shocks on poor farmers has led to concern that resilience should feature alongside productivity as a major objective of research.
Scomberomorus guttatus known as Indo-Pacific king mackerel, is one of the commonly appearing Perciforms in the coastal waters of Bangladesh. There are commercial fisheries, although large volumes are captured mainly by artisan fishermen. It is one of the principal species in the drift gill net fishery of Bangladesh, but the catch is not identified separately. In the coastal waters of Bangladesh, the fishing pressure is increasing due to increase in the number of artisan fishing crafts.
Outcome Mapping (OM) was developed by the International Development Research Center (IDRC) to deal with the complex changes resulting from development projects.
In addition to their unique biological characteristics, coral reef fisheries have a feature which separates them from all other marine systems; the presence of coral outcrops makes the use of trawls and other modern industrial fishing gear types unfeasible. Coral reef systems are, therefore, the domain of the small-scale. fisher. The sheltered waters created by the coral reef systems, combined with the high productivity.of the system, have been an inducement to human settlement.
This brief presents a review of lessons learned and good practices in the management of coral reef marine protected areas based on the analysis of 20 projects funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) related to coral reef MPAs and 21 non-GEF funded projects. The key lessons learned and recommendations are grouped according to four broad areas of management of coral reef marine protected areas: 1. Ecological objectives and impacts 2. Socio-cultural objectives and impacts 3. Economic objectives and impacts 4. Governance issues
This chapter introduces the integrated approach to wetland assessment. It argues for integration as an essential principle for understanding wetlands and their management and use. It discusses different approaches for integration, and advocates a conceptual and methodological framework for assessing wetlands in a fully integrated manner.